Dinamani India

Editorials & Current Affairs

PERSON IN NEWS - DECEMBER 2021

New Zealand’s Ajaz Patel, became the third bowler in Test cricket history, after England’s Jim Laker and Anil Kumble of India, to take 10 wickets in an innings.

About:

The Kiwi performed the feat on the second day of the second Test against India in Mumbai, the place of his birth.

English Pacer Jim Laker recorded the feat in 1956 and Indian Spinner Anil Kumble achieved the milestone in 1999.

The BWF world Tour 2021 finals was held between PV Sindhu of India and Seyoung of Korea. Seyoung won the cup and Sindhu settled in for a silver medal. In Men’s Singles of the BWF World Tour 2021, Viktor Axelsen won the cup.

About BWF World Tour

The BWF World Tour is a Grade 2 Badminton tournament series. It is held by the BWF, Badminton World Federation. It is held among the top world ranked players in singles (men and women) and doubles (men, women and mixed).

There are six levels in BWF World Tour. They are as follows:

  • World Tour Finals
  • Super 1000
  • Super 750
  • Super 500
  • Super 300
  • BWF Tour Super 100 level

The BWF rank the players based on the above tournaments. The prize money of the levels are as follows:

  • World Tour Finals: 1.5 million USD
  • Super 1000: 850 thousand USD
  • Super 750: 600 thousand USD
  • Super 500: 320 thousand USD
  • Super 300: 140 thousand USD
  • Super 100: 75 thousand USD

Player regulations

The tournament is held among top 15 single players and top 10 double pairs. The BWF imposes a fine of 5000 USD per event, if a player fails to play. However, a valid medical certification will exempt the fine. These regulations do not apply to retired and suspended players.

Who is the title sponsor of the tournaments?

Between 2018 and 2022, the title sponsor is HSBC Holdings. It is a British Multinational investment Bank. It is the second largest in Europe. It has offices in more than 64 countries including India.

BWF World Ranking

This ranking is created by the BWF. It uses the BWF tournaments, Summer Olympic games and World Championships to rank the players. Currently, Viktor Axelsen of Denmark holds the top rank in Men’s singles. Srikanth of India holds 14th rank. Tai Tzu – ying holds the top rank in women’s singles. PV Sindhu holds seventh rank. In doubles, Satwiksairaj and Chirag Shetty of India hold the ninth rank. In world ranking of countries, India is holding ninth place. China is on the top, followed by Japan, Indonesia, Thailand.

The Davis Cup 2021 was won by Russian Tennis Federation. The Davis Cup finals was held between Daniil Medvedev and Andrey Rublev of Russia. And Daniit Medvedev won the match bringing victory to the Russian Tennis Federation. Andrey Rublev was named the Most Valuable Player.

About Davis Cup

  • The Davis Cup is also called the World Cup of Tennis. It is an international team event in men’s tennis. The women’s equivalent of Davis Cup is Billie Jean King Cup.
  • It is conducted by the International Tennis Federation.
  • It was first held in 1900 as a challenge between US and Britain. By 2016, there were 135 countries participating in the competition.
  • The most successful countries of Davis cup are USA, Australia, New Zealand. USA has so far won the Davis Title 32 times, Australia has won for 28 times.

Davis Cup: Knock Out Format

It Is a single elimination tournament. That is, the loser of each match is immediately eliminated from the tournament. The other type of tournament held is called Playoff. In playoff, the top competitors determine the league champion. The most common type is the “regular season”. It is also called Group Tournament. Here, the teams are divided into groups and each group plays a specific number of games against their opponent.

International Tennis Federation

  • The Davis Cup is conducted by the International Tennis Federation. The ITF is the governing body of beach tennis, wheel chair tennis and world tennis. It partners with the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) and Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) to govern professional tennis.
  • The ITF organizes Davis cup (of men), Bill Jean King Cup (of women), Grand Slam, Hopman Cup.
  • The ITF also conducts the world tennis and wheel chair tennis at the Paralympic games and Summer Olympic games on behalf of the International Olympic Committee.

Hard Courts

The Davis Cup is held in hard courts. The other types are grass courts, clay courts and artificial grass courts. The Grass court is the signature court of Wimbledon. The grass surface is quick and the ball bounces in this court is low. The Clay courts are made of stone, crushed shale and brick. The clay surfaces slow down the ball. It produces a slow and high bounces. Hard courts are made of rigid materials with acrylic surface layer. This surface is very popular. The US Open is played in these courts. In artificial grass courts, the ball moves quickly.

The death anniversary of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar, which falls on December 6, is dubbed as Mahaparinirvana Divas. On this day each year, millions of people throng to Dr Ambedkar’s Samadhi in Mumbai, which is called Chaitya bhoomi to pay respect to the father of Indian Constitution. This year, due to the on-going pandemic, the Maharashtra government has urged people to refrain from visiting this site and observe the day staying home.

What is Mahaparinirvan?

Mahaparinirvan is one of the major goals of Buddhism. It means ‘’Nirvana after death”. Parinirvan is written as Parinibbana in Pali. Pali language is native to Indian continent. The Buddhist text “Mahaparinibbana Sutta” considers the death of Lord Buddha at the age of 80 as the original Mahaparinirvan.

Why is Death anniversary of Dr Ambedkar celebrated on Mahaparinirvana Divas?

Dr Ambedkar died in a few days after completing his work “The Buddha and his Dhamma”. Also, he converted to Buddhism after studying the religion for years together. He converted to Buddhism on October 14, 1956 in Nagpur along with five lakh supporters. These supporters considered Dr Ambedkar as their Buddhist leader. Also, he was considered as a Buddhist guru for his contributions to the eradication of untouchability. Thus, Ambedkar’s death anniversary is marked as Mahaparinirvan Divas.

About Dr B R Ambedkar

Ambedkar is called the father of constitution of India. He was the first minister of law and Justice of independent India and is considered as the chief architect of the Constitution of India. He was an Indian economist, jurist, social reformer and politician. He inspired several dalit Buddhist movements and fought against social discrimination towards untouchables. He on doctor it’s in Economics from University of London and Columbia University.

In 1956, he converted to Buddhism and initiated mass conversions of the lips. He was awarded with the India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1990.

The Government of India recently celebrated the 136th birth anniversary of Dr Rajendra Prasad. His birth anniversary falls on December 3. Dr Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India. He served between 1950 and 1962. Till date, he is the longest serving president in the country.

Early life

Rajendra Prasad was taught by a Muslim scholar in his childhood. This was because his father wanted him to learn Persian. Later he joined as an English professor in Bihar. He then pursued law degree in Kolkata and doctorate in law in Allahabad. He served as a member of High Court of Bihar and Odisha.

Prasad in freedom struggle

  • In 1920, Prasad left his law practice and joined the Non – Cooperation movement.
  • After Quit India Movement, Prasad spent three years in jail.
  • He was highly inspired by Mahatma Gandhi.

In Congress

Rajendra Prasad served as the Congress President in 1934. He presided over the Bombay session held that year. He was once again chosen as the President of the Congress in 1939.

After Independence

  • The Constituent Assembly drafted the Indian Constitution. Prasad was the chairman of the assembly.
  • Rajendra Prasad was the in charge of Food and Agriculture Department when Jawaharlal Nehru formed the interim government in 1946. The Interim Government was formed on September 2, 1946. This government took over the task of transiting British India to independent India. It was in place till India got its independence on August 15, 1947.

Literary Works

Atmakatha, Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences, Satyagraha at Champaran, Since Independence and Division of India.

The Indian American, Gita Gopinath has become the first Deputy Managing Director of International Monetary Fund. She is the first Indian to take up the top role in the organisation. First Deputy Managing Director is the second top post in IMF next to the Managing Director.

Who is Gita Gopinath?

  • Gita Gopinath was the first female Chief Economist of the International Monetary Fund.
  • She was born in Kolkata in 1971. She completed her graduation in University of Delhi and her masters in Washington University and PhD in Princeton University.
  • In 2018, she was appointed the Chief Economist of the IMF.
  • She named the world wide recession of 2020 due to COVID-19 as “The Great Lockdown”.
  • In 2021, she was named the First Managing Director of IMF. It is number 2 position in the organisation.

Awards

She was awarded the Parvasi Bharatiya Samman in 2019 by the President of India. The Parvasi Bharatiya Samman is presented on the Parvasi Bharatiya Divas. It is the highest award presented to the overseas Indians.

Position of Deputy Managing Director in IMF

IMF is managed by the Managing Director, First Deputy Managing Director and deputy managing directors. The First Deputy Managing Director in the IMF takes lead on conducting surveillance, flagship publications and oversee researches.

Role of Gita Gopinath in IMF

Under Ms Gopinath’s leadership, the IMF has contributed in multilateral surveillance through World Economic Outlook. Her plan to end COVID-19 crisis by vaccinating the world at feasible cost was a huge success.

The Indian Athlete Anju Bobby George has won the Woman of the Year Award from World Athletics. She has won the award for grooming young girls to take up sports.

What are Anju’s achievements?

  • She is a gold medallist in 2005 IAAF World Athletics Finals.
  • She was the first Indian athlete to win bronze medal in long jump at the World Championships in Athletics held in 2013 in Paris.
  • In 2004 Olympics, she finished sixth.

Awards

  • Anju was awarded the Arjuna award in 2002, Padma Shri in 2004, Khel Ratna in 2003.
  • In 2021, she won the BBC lifetime achievement award in the category of Best Athlete.

Why is Anju felicitated with Woman of the Year Award?

In 2016, she formed a sports academy for young girls. Through this she has helped India advance in sports and also inspire more women to follow her footsteps. She is also presented with the award for advocating gender equality.

Who is Anju Bobby George?

Anju was born in Cheeranchira village in Kottayam, Kerala. She was born in Kochuparambil family, an orthodox family. She developed interests into athletics from her father. She started her career with Heptathlon. Later she won medals in Delhi Junior Asian Championship, South Asian Federation Games (held in Nepal), Commonwealth games held in Manchester and also won gold medal at the Asian Games held in Busan. She is married to Robert Bobby George. George is a former national champion in triple jump and Anju’s coach too. Currently, Anju is the Chairperson of TOPS (Target Olympic Podium Scheme) and also the Executive member of Khelo India project.

PERSON IN NEWS

DECEMBER - 2021

* AJAZ PATEL

* PV SINDHU

* DANIIL MEDVEDEV, ANDREY RUBLEV

* DR BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR

* DR RAJENDRA PRASAD

* GITA GOPINATH

* ANJU BOBBY GEORGE