Daily Current Affairs - 13-09-2021

Environment Minister of India, Bhupender Yadav and United States Special Presidential Envoy for Climate, John Kerry launched India-US Climate Action and Finance Mobilisation Dialogue on September 13, 2021.

Highlights

Background

India-US Climate Action and Finance Mobilisation Dialogue was launched in the backdrop of announcement made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US President Biden to enhance actions in order to meet the goals of Paris Agreement. This announcement was made at the launch of the Partnership at Leaders’ Summit on Climate in April 2021.

India-US Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership

It is a joint climate and clean energy initiative by India with the US. This partnership will demonstrate how the world can align towards swift climate action with inclusive & resilient economic development by taking into account the national circumstances as well as sustainable development priorities. This initiative was started with the objective of:

  1. Mobilising investments
  2. Demonstrating clean technologies and
  3. Enabling green collaborations in India in order to create templates of sustainable development for other developing countries.

United Nations is hosting a high-level donors conference on September 13, 2021 seeking emergency funds for Afghanistan following the Taliban takeover of the country.

Highlights

Why this appeal was made?

Appeal for $600 million was made in the light of concerns that instability & upended humanitarian efforts along with the ongoing drought would further endanger lives and push Afghanistan toward famine. Recent developments in Afghanistan have increased the vulnerability of Afghans who have already been facing deprivation and violence. Thus, the U.N.’s World Food Program will be the major beneficiary of any funds collected during the conference.

How this conference would help?

The conference will put some Western governments and big traditional U.N. donors to tests, who want to help everyday Afghans without handing over any public relations victory or cash to the Taliban.

UN refugee agency

Head of the U.N. refugee agency, Filippo Grandi, made an unannounced visit to Kabul before the meeting. He was to assess humanitarian needs and situation of 3.5 million displaced Afghans, including 500,000 who got displaced in 2021 alone.

Taliban In Afghanistan

Taliban seized the power in Afghanistan on August 15, 2021, after capturing Kabul. Many Afghans remain deeply fearful even though Taliban have promised inclusiveness and a general amnesty for former opponents.

Bhupendra Patel sworn in as the Chief Minister of Gujarat on September 13, 2021.

Highlights

Who is Bhupendra Rajnikant Patel?

He is an Indian politician, chief minister of Gujarat and a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is also a member of Gujarat Legislative Assembly and represents Ghatlodia constituency. He was born in July 1962 to a Gujarati Kadava Patidar family of Ahmedabad. He completed his Diploma in Civil Engineering from Government Polytechnic, Ahmedabad. He has also been associated with Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He is a builder by profession and a trustee of Sardardham Vishwa Patidar Kendra. He is also the chairman of the standing committee of Vishwa Umiya Foundation. He follows Akram Vignan Movement, which was founded by Dada Bhagwan.

Chief Minister of Gujarat

Bhupendra Patel became chief minister of Gujarat on September 13 after Vijay Rupani resigned from the post on September 11, 2021. He was elected as the BJP legislative party leader as well as Chief Minister elect of Gujarat on September 12, 2021.

India has proposed to institutionalise “India Africa Defence Dialogue” during the successive DefExpos, to be held once in two years duration.

Highlights

Theme of the dialogue

India Africa Defence Dialogue will be held under the theme: ‘India – Africa: Adopting Strategy for Synergizing and Strengthening Defence and Security Cooperation’.

Background

The first-ever India Africa Defence Ministers Conclave (IADMC) was held in on February 6, 2020 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh in conjunction with the DefExpo. It was co-organised by Ministry of Defence and Ministry of External Affairs. This conclave was the first in series of Pan Africa events at Ministerial level in the run-up to the India Africa Forum Summit IV. During the conclave, a joint Declaration called as ‘Lucknow Declaration’ was adopted as an outcome document of the Conclave.

India-Africa Relations

India and Africa have a close and historical relationship. The foundation of the defence relations between both the countries are based on the two guiding principles called ‘SAGAR’ (Security and Growth for All in the Region) and ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’.

Colexion, largest licenced NFT (non-fungible tokens) platform, announced the formal public lunch on September 10, 2021.

Highlights

What is Colexion?

Colexion is an NFT trading and community platform. It provides users with trade, purchase, and interactive activities. It will feature NFT collections of global stars. Through this platform, users would be able to buy different tiers of blind boxes and own celebrity’s limited NFT collections. Each NFT collectible comprise of a unique record on the blockchain. Users will obtain ownership of this unique NFT collectible by purchasing it on the platform or trading on the Colexion marketplace. Colexion will accept general payment methods like credit cards in order to make it easy for mainstream consumers to participate.

Feature on Colexion

Colexion will feature stars from field like sports, arts, entertainment, and other industries celebrities. Global sports stars will be the main partners in initial phase of the launch.

Aim of the Colexion

Colexion has been launched with the aim of creating a significant entrance to virtual reality by means of NFT collections, trading, and community platforms. It will bring the Novel technology world through NFT.

Vice President of India, M. Venkaiah Naidu, called upon states to increase the production of Solar PV sells and modules in India.

Highlights

Solar power plant at Pondicherry

He inaugurated a solar power plant of 2.4-Megawatt capacity at Pondicherry University in Union Territory of Puducherry. On this occasion, he highlighted the importance of green energies like wind, solar, and small hydro.

India’s solar capacity

India has been moving fast in becoming a global leader in the ‘energy transition’. With the total installed solar capacity of over 40 Gigawatts, India is ranked at fifth position in the world with respect to its solar power capacity.

Innovation in Solar sector

Vice President also highlighted the importance of innovation in solar sector. He suggested to exploring alternative avenues for installing ground-mounted PV systems. For instance, installation of floating solar plants on water and NTPC’s floating solar power plant of 100 MW capacity in Telangana.

Significance of such projects

Such innovative projects will help in improving employment prospects and will promote innovations and improvements in India’s domestic solar industry.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone for the Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh State University in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh on September 13, 2021.

Key facts

Defence Industrial Corridor

Establishment of the Defence Industrial Corridor in Uttar Pradesh was announced in February 2018 by Prime Minister when he inaugurated the UP Investors Summit in Lucknow. Under the corridor, a total of six nodes namely Agra, Aligarh, Jhansi, Kanpur, Chitrakoot, and Lucknow have been planned. In Aligarh Node, land allocation process has been completed. Land has been allotted to 19 firms, that will invest one thousand 245 crore rupees it. This corridor seeks to make India self-reliant in the field of defence production and promoting Make in India.

Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh

He was an Indian freedom fighter, writer, journalist, revolutionary and President in the Provisional Government of India that served as the Indian Government in exile in 1915 during World War I from Kaabul. He also formed the Executive Board of India in Japan in 1940. He was the part of Balkan War in 1911. He is also known as “Aryan Peshwa”.

The Swarnim Vijay Varsh Mashaal or victory flame arrived at Dahung in Arunachal Pradesh on September 12, 2021 after touring the Country.

Highlights

About Swarnim Vijay Mashaal

The ‘Swarnim Vijay Mashaal’ or the ‘victory flame’ symbolises India’s victory over Pakistan in 1971 Swarnim Vijay Varsh. This flame was flagged off by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on December 16, 2020 from the National War Memorial in New Delhi. At the National War Memorial, four victory flames were lit from the eternal flame and are being carried throughout the cities and villages in India. It also moved through the villages of Param Vir Chakra (PVC) and Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) awardees of 1971 war.

1971 India-Pakistani War

It was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan, occurred during the Bangladesh Liberation War in East Pakistan. The war was fought from December 3, 1971 till December 16, 1971, resulting into the fall of Dacca (Dhaka). It lasted for just 13 days and is the shortest wars in history.

Supreme Court has recently ruled that, an employee cannot insist on transfer to a particular place and only employer can shift the staff after considering requirement.

Highlights

Background

Allahabad court verdict

On September 11, 2021, the Union Minister of State for Food Processing Industries, Prahlad Singh Patel, inaugurated a Food Processing Unit of M/s Sahara Frozen Foods in Morena, Madhya Pradesh.

Key Facts

Food Processing Week

Food Processing week was celebrated from September 6, 2021 to September 12, 2021 as a part of ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.’ Under this, the Ministry of Food Processing Industries organized various programmes. As part of the the week, ministry also organised a webinar on Business Opportunities in Bakery & Confectionery under ‘One District One Product’ at Chandigarh. Also, Rs. 5.41 Cr. Has been transferred to Community Based Organisations for 1498 SHG members in Maharashtra as Seed Capital, under the PMFME Scheme.

About Sahara Frozen Foods unit

Sahara frozen foods unit has been set up at the project cost of Rs. 21.09 crores. For this, ministry has also provided a grant in aid of Rs. 10 crores. Unit will provide direct and indirect employment to some 700 persons and will benefit 1000 farmers in the CPC and PPC catchment areas.

Facilities under the unit

Facilities under the unit include:

  1. IQF Pre-Processing Line for F&V – 4 MT/Hr
  2. Deep Freezer or Frozen Store – 4000 MT
  3. Modern Racking System (Stacking)-4000 MT
  4. High Reach Material Handling- 2 Units.

Services provided by Unit

This unit provides excellent state-of-the-art facilities like water treatment plants, packing machines, water storage tanks, subsystems, fittings etc. it mainly produces frozen peas, frozen cabbage, mango pieces, etc.

As per director of economic think-tank NCAER, Poonam Gupta, the Indian economy is expected to grow by 10 per cent during the financial year 2021-22.

Key Points

About Poonam Gupta

Poonam Gupta is the first woman director general of NCAER. Before joining NCAER, she worked as the lead economist at the World Bank. She had also worked at the Reserve Bank of India Chair Professor at NIPFP as well as a Professor of Macroeconomics at ICRIER.

Background

Economic growth in India had surged to 20.1 per cent in April-June quarter of the current fiscal year, due to a low base in the previous fiscal year amid the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Gross domestic product (GDP) had also reduced by 24.4 per cent in corresponding April-June quarter of 2020-21.

RBI’s prediction

RBI expects the GDP growth to be 9.5 per cent in 2021-22. It predicts the growth rate of 21.4 per cent in the first quarter; 7.3 per cent in second, 6.3 per cent third and 6.1 per cent the fourth quarter of 2021-22.

National Council of Applied Economic Research

It is a non-profit think tank of economics, based in New Delhi. Nandan Nilekani is president this governing body. It was established in 1956 with financial support of Tata Sons, Ford Foundation and Finance Ministry. Foundation stone of NCAER campus was laid by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in October 1959.

British government has announced to introduce legislation in 2021, under which all the newly built homes and offices will require to feature electric vehicle chargers in England.

Highlights

Significance of the legislation

This legislation will help in boosting confidence and help those who transition from gas cars in overcoming the range anxiety because many homes in England do not have off-street parking or garages.

Background

The government originally announced to mandate that all new homes have a charge point with the parking space in 2019.

UK’s 2030 ban of new fossil-fuel vehicles

United Kingdom Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, had recently announced to ban the sale of gasoline-powered vehicles from 2030, nothing the future of personal mobility on electric vehicles. The ban on gasoline vehicles had initially been proposed for 2040. But it has been brought forward by ten years under the ten-point plan of UK of achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Hybrid vehicles would be phased out by 2035.

Japan and Vietnam have recently signed a new deal, which enables the export of Japanese-made defence equipment and technology to Vietnam.

Highlights

How China answered to this deal?

China answered to the deal by announcing its plan to donate three million doses of coronavirus vaccine to Vietnam. China is of the view that both the countries should also refrain from any unilateral actions regarding the South China Sea.

China-Vietnam dispute

Vietnam is having territorial disputes with China over the Spratly and Paracel island groups in South China Sea.

China-Japan dispute

Japan and China are also having territorial dispute. Japan regularly protests against Chinese coastguard’s presence in East China Sea near Senkaku Island, which is controlled by Japan & also claimed by China as Diaoyu island.