Daily Current Affairs - 1109-2021

World Suicide Prevention Day was observed on September 10, 2021.

Key Facts

Cases of Suicide

Suicide is an act of intentionally taking one’s life. It has become a major public health issue in the time of Covid-19 pandemic and periods of lockdowns. As per report, every 40 seconds someone take their life in world. Around 75% of the cases are reported from low and middle-income countries. In 2019, 1.3% of deaths were due to suicide. According to the World Health Organization, suicide is a global phenomenon, which was the 17th leading cause of death in 2019.

International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP)

IASP is an international suicide prevention organization, which was founded by Erwin Ringel and Norman Farberow in 1960. The organization is dedicated to prevent suicidal behaviour and provide a forum for mental health professionals, suicide survivors, crisis workers and other people affected by suicidal behaviour. It comprises of professionals and volunteers from 50 countries.

World’s largest plant that has been designed to suck carbon dioxide (CO2) from air and turn it into rock was started recently in Iceland.

Key Points

Who constructed the plant?

Orca plant has been constructed by Switzerland’s Clime works and Iceland’s Carbfix.

Plant’s capacity

When the plant will operate at its full capacity, it will draw 4,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) from air every year. As per US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this amount is equal to the emissions from about 870 cars.

How CO2 will be collected?

In order to collect the CO2, Orca plant uses fans to draw air into the collector comprising of filter material inside. Once the filter material is filled with carbon dioxide, collector is closed and temperature is raised to release the carbon dioxide from the material. Following this process, highly concentrated gas can be collected. Collected CO2 is mixed with water and are injected at a depth of 1,000 metres into nearby basalt rock where it is petrified.

Significance of the plant

As per the proponents of carbon capture and storage (CCS), these technologies can become a major tool towards the fight against climate change.

What are the concerns?

This technology is still prohibitively expensive and will take decades to operate at larger scale.

September 11, 2021 marked the 20th anniversary of the attack on World Trade center towers in New York, which is also known as “9/11 attack”.

Key Points

History of 9/11

Who trained these hijackers?

Most of these hijackers were of Saudi origin. They were trained in Afghanistan. Four of them received training at flight training schools in United States.

Operation Enduring Freedom

Following the incident, US troops were sent to Afghanistan under the Operation Enduring Freedom. This operation led to ouster of the then regime in Kabul. Terrorists were hunted down while Osama Bin Laden was killed on 2nd May 2011 in Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Destruction of the World Trade Center

Destruction of World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure harmed the economy of New York City and resulted in a global economic recession. Clean-up of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002 while the Pentagon was repaired within a year. Construction of the World Trade Center complex’s replacement started in November 2006 and was opened in November 2014 again.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the state of art Sardardham Bhavan at Ahmedabad through video conferencing on September 11, 2021.

Key Points

Significance of the Bhavan

Sardardham Bhavan will empower India’s future generations as well as inspire them to lead their lives by following the principles followed by Sardar Patel in his life. These youngsters will play decisive roles by the time India completed 100 years of independence in 2047.

Mission of the Sardardham

What are the goals of Sardardham?

Where and who developed it?

Sardardham Bhavan has been developed at the Vaishnodevi circle in Ahmedabad, Gujarat by Patidar Samaj.

Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Hardeep Singh Puri and U.S. Secretary of Energy Ms. Jennifer Granholm, co-chaired a virtual Ministerial meeting and launched the revamped U.S.-India Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP).

Highlights

Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP)

  1. Power and Energy Efficiency
  2. Responsible Oil and Gas
  3. Renewable Energy
  4. Sustainable Growth and
  5. Emerging Fuels.

India-US cooperation on renewable energy fuel

Both sides will put emphasis on upscaling cooperation under renewable energy pillar by working on various projects and system-friendly practices in the renewable energy sector. They also seek to strengthen electric grid in India to extend support to large-scale integration of renewables including smart grids, flexible resources, energy storage, and distributed energy resources.

Gas Task Force

They also announced renaming the Gas Task Force to India-US Low Emissions Gas Task Force. This task force will continue to forge collaboration between Indian and US companies on innovative projects to provide support to India’s vision of gas-based economy.

Tamil Nadu government has decided to commemorate the death anniversary of Subramania Bharathi, a firebrand poet & freedom fighter, as Mahakavi Day.

Highlights

Manathil Urithi Vendum (Firmness in Mind)

To mark the centenary, government will bring the Manathil Urithi Vendum book. It will comprise of compilation of her poems and essays. Books will be brought at the cost of Rs 10 crore and distributed among 37 lakh school students. Government will set up a separate wing ‘Bharathiyar’ to compile the books of Bharathiyar.

Theme of the events

Government will be organising events under the theme ‘parengum Bharathi’ (Bharathi everywhere), in collaboration with World Tamil Associations.

Subramania Bharathi

He was a Tamil writer, poet, social reformer, journalist as well as Indian independence activist. He is popularly known as “Mahakavi Bharathi”. He was the pioneer of modern Tamil poetry and is considered as the greatest Tamil literary figures of all time. His fights were for emancipation of women and against child marriage. He stood for reforming Brahminism & religion and in solidarity with Dalits & Muslims.

Union Minister of State for Health & Family Welfare, Bharati Pravin Pawar, inaugurated “Digital Population Clock” on September 10, 2021.

Key Points

Highlights of the minister’s address

Population Research Centres (PRCs)

Minister noted the role played by Population research centres in carrying research on contemporary issues because population estimation is critical in distribution and access to public goods.

What is the purpose of Population clock?

Population clock was launched in order to provide minute by minute estimate of India’s population. It will also capture data on Total Fertility Rate, Infant Mortality Rate as well as Maternal Mortality Rate. It will help in raising awareness in young generations and conducting research.

The fourth Conference of the Protectors of Emigrants was held on September 10, 2021.

Highlights

Significance of POEs

POEs plays an important role in informing youth and workers regarding the new destinations and opportunities. It raises awareness on the basis of:

  1. MOU signed between India & UK on mobility and partnership;
  2. MOC between India & Japan on specified skilled workers in 14 sectors; and
  3. Approval on skilled manpower mobility between India & Portugal.

How POEs can be protected?

POEs can be protected by updating and refine various welfare schemes like Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojana (PBBY), Indian Community Welfare Fund (ICWF), Pre-Departure Orientation Training (PDoT) and eMigrate platform.

eMigrate system

It is an online platform that integrates POE offices, Indian Missions, Passport offices, Bureau of Immigration & others and regulates overseas employment. This platform is being strengthened by several measures in order to increase its popularity and make it simple & incentivised. This platform has now been opened up to all countries to recognise new migration corridors to East Asia, Europe and other countries.

India and Japan held their sixth Maritime Affairs Dialogue on September 10, 2021 in a virtual format.

Highlights

The dialogue involved exchanges on developments in the areas of regional cooperation activities, maritime security environment as well as the opportunities for cooperation between both the countries in the Indo-Pacific region.

Background

India-Japan Maritime Exercise

India and Japan also held bilateral Maritime Exercise called JIMEX, that stands for Japan-India Maritime Exercise. It is held annually.

India-Japan Maritime Cooperation

Both the countries are having convergent interests in maritime security. They depend on sea-borne trade in order to sustain their economies. Thus, it becomes essential to work together for the security of trade in light of the South-China Sea. Countries have affirmed that a peaceful means of unilateral action is required to do way with the dispute in the region.

India-Japan Relations

India and Japan had upgraded their relationship to ‘Special Strategic and Global Partnership’ in 2014. Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Railway (MAHSR) is an important area of cooperation in Railway sector between both the countries. In 2018, India-Japan Digital Partnership was launched to deepen the existing areas of cooperation and initiatives within the scope of cooperation in science & technology.

Common Interests

India and Japan are the member nations of G-4 grouping. They regularly conduct naval exercises, mil-to-mil exercises, coast guard exercises and air force exercises. Both the countries are facing difficulties in the maritime area because of China’s dominance. They seek to make the Indo-pacific a multipolar, free, open and inclusive region.

Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh held bilateral meeting with his Australian counterpart Peter Dutton in New Delhi on September 10, 2021.

Highlights

  1. Bilateral defence cooperation
  2. Expansion of military engagements across the services,
  3. Enhancing defence information sharing,
  4. Cooperation in emerging defence technologies and
  5. Mutual logistics support.

Comprehensive Strategic Partnership

India and Australia share their bilateral relation as “Comprehensive Strategic Partnership” because both the countries were the part of British Empire. Both of them are members of the Commonwealth of Nations. They share political, security, economic, lingual and sporting ties. Cricket and English language have emerged as a strong cultural connection between both. Military of both the countries meet for a regular joint naval exercise called AUSINDEX.

Diplomatic Relations

The diplomatic relations started in 1941 with the establishment of a Trade Office by India in Sydney, Australia. The office is currently represented by a High Commissioner in embassy at Canberra and the Consulate generals in Sydney, Melbourne and Perth. Australia is having a High Commission in New Delhi and Consulates in Mumbai & Chennai.

Central government announced an Aadhaar-like authentication system on September 10, 2021 to access the covid vaccination status of an individual on the CoWin platform.

Highlights

How vaccination status can be accessed?

In order to access the vaccination status of the person, his registered mobile number and name must be entered by the verifying entity in order to generate a one-time password or OTP. This two-layer authentication will enable CoWin to quickly respond on the vaccination status.

Report on vaccination will be digitally signed and can be shared instantly by the verifying entity.

CoWin Portal

CoWIN is dubbed as “Covid Vaccine Intelligence Network”. This web portal was developed by Indian government for COVID-19 vaccination registration. It is owned and operated by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The portal displays booking slots of COVID-19 vaccine in the nearby areas and can be booked through it. This portal has also been integrated with the Aarogya Setu and UMANG Apps. It also provides digitally verifiable certificate, which can be saved on a device or on Digi Locker, digitally.