Daily Current Affairs - 26-10-2021

National Tribal Dance Festival will be held in Raipur from October 28 to October 30.

Highlights

Which countries are taking part?

National Tribal Dance Festival will feature multiple artists belonging to diverse tribal communities from different parts of India. Artists from countries like Kingdom of Eswatini, Nigeria, Uzbekistan, Uganda, Sri Lanka, Mali, Syria, and Palestine will also take part in the event.

Significance of the festival

The festival will promote and celebrate the uniqueness of tribal culture. It will also showcase the richness and diversity of tribal life across Chhattisgarh and other areas of India & world.

Dance performances

The dance performances in the event will be held in two categories namely, Wedding Ceremonies and Other Prominent Rituals.

First edition of the festival

First edition of the National Tribal Dance Festival was organised in the year 2019. It witnessed the participation of tribal communities from 25 states of India along with six guest countries. Around 1 lakh people attended the event.

Tribes in Chhattisgarh

In Chhattisgarh, areas such as Dantewada, Bastar, Bilaspur, Koriya, Korba, Gariabandh, Dhura, Mainpur, Surguja, Dhamtari, Jashpur have significant tribal populations. They have their own distinctive history, traditions and culture.

Union Civil Aviation Minister, Jyotiraditya Scindia, inaugurated the first direct flight on Shillong–Dibrugarh sector on October 26, 2021.

Key Points

Why connectivity to Shillong is significant?

Shillong is one among the highest & wettest places of the world. It is important not only for India but for the entire world. It has always been known as Scotland of East because of presence of rolling hills, tallest waterfalls, caves, beautiful landscapes as well as its rich heritage & culture. The place attracts tourists from entire world. This, it is necessary to improve connectivity there.

Which airline will work on this route?

Indigo won the bidding for Shillong – Dibrugarh route during the UDAN 4 bidding process. It will deploy its 78-seater ATR 72 aircraft to the route. Under the UDAN scheme, around 389 routes and 62 airports have been operationalized.

About UDAN 4.1

UDAN 4.1 scheme was launched in 2020. Under this phase, 78 new routes were approved under this phase, to enhance connectivity across remote & regional areas in India. Under this route, it was planned to connect Agatti, Kavaratti, and Minicoy islands of Lakshadweep. It focuses on connecting smaller airports, special helicopters, and seaplane routes.

About UDAN Scheme

Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) was launched in the year 2016, as a regional connectivity scheme by the Ministry of Civil Aviation. It is an innovative scheme that was launched to develop regional Aviation market. Its main objective is to create affordable, economically viable and profitable flights across the regional routes.

India and Sweden celebrated the 8th Innovation Day on October 26. During the online event they discussed several aspects of climate change and possible solutions to bring in green transition.

Highlights

Theme of the event

The online event was organised under the theme ‘Accelerating India Sweden’s Green Transition’.

Who was the host?

India Sweden Innovation Day was hosted by “India Unlimited” in collaboration with the Embassy of India in Sweden, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Sweden-India Business Council.

India–Sweden relations

The bilateral relation between India and Sweden is historic. Sweden is among the countries that recognised India’s independence from the United Kingdom in the year 1947. Both the countries established their formal diplomatic relations in 1949. India has established an embassy in Stockholm. On the other hand, Sweden established an embassy in New Delhi. Sweden also established honorary consulates in Kolkata, Chennai, and Mumbai.

People to People tie

Around 10000 Indian citizens are living and work in Sweden. There are also around 9000 persons of Indian origin. Both the groups are employed in business or professional fields.

Background

Relation between Sweden and India dates to 8th century CE and the era of Vikings. During archaeological excavations of an 8th century Viking ship in 1954, in Sweden, a small bronze Buddha statuette was discovered. Statue is thought to have been made around 5th century CE, in present-day Kashmir.

Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu presented the 67th National Film awards on October 25, 2021.

Highlights

About 67th National Film awards

67th National Film awards were announced in March 2021 however, they were honoured the best in cinema in the year 2019. Awards were postponed due to the covid-19 pandemic.

National Film Awards

It is the most prominent film award ceremony, held in India. It was established in the year 1954. It has been administered since 1973, along with Indian Panorama and International Film Festival of India by the Directorate of Film Festivals of Indian government.

How are entries selected?

Government appoints a national panel every year to select the winning entry. Award ceremony is held in New Delhi and the President of India conferred the awards to winning entries. After that, National Film Festival is inaugurated where award-winning films are screened for public. Awards are declared for films produced in previous year and they hold distinction of awarding merit to the best of Indian cinema. Awards are also presented for the best films in each region and language of India.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission on October 25, 2021, in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

Key Points

About Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission

The Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission was announced by PM. It is expected to extend support to 17,788 rural Health & Wellness Centres across 10 high focus states. Under the scheme, 11,024 urban Health & Wellness Centres will be established. The mission will be launched with the aim of strengthening the critical healthcare network in India.

Objective of Mission

This mission was launched with the objective of filling critical gaps in public health infrastructure. It will bridge the gap between critical care facilities and primary care across urban and rural areas.

Second aspect of mission

Second aspect of the Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission is related to “testing network for diagnosis of diseases”. Necessary infrastructure will be developed under the mission for the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases. Under it, 730 districts in India will get Integrated to Public Health labs. Apart from that, 3 thousand blocks will be provided Block Public Health Units.

Significance of the scheme

Scheme will investigate the expansion of existing research institutions that are studying pandemics. It will also help in strengthening 80 Viral Diagnostic and research labs. It will also set up “WHO regional research platform for South Asia” in a bid to strengthen this network.

On October 25, 2021, a National Steering Committee (NSC) has been formed to implement NIPUN Bharat Mission.

NIPUN Bharat Mission

National Steering Committee (NSC)

Government has established the “National Steering Committee” to implement NIPUN Bharat mission. Committee will be chaired by Union Education Minister, Dharmendra Pradhan. Minister of State for Education, Annapurna Devi will act as the vice-chairperson.

Objective of the committee

National Steering Committee has been established with the objective to oversee the progress of “National Mission on Foundational Literacy & Numeracy”. Committee will also provide guidance on policy issues and help in achieving the desired target in 2026-27. It will also review programmatic and financial norms in a bid to ensure that they are synchronised with targets to be achieved.

Function of NSC

One of the responsibilities of NSC is to disseminate tools for measuring yearly progress in the form of guidelines. It also seeks to develop assessment methodology to analyse the progress & provide feedback to States & UTs.

Members of NSC

Other members of the NSC include- Secretary of School Education & Literacy; Director of NCERT; Secretary of Education, Karnataka; Secretary Education, Uttar Pradesh; Director SCERT Sikkim and Director SCERT Gujarat.

A human rights expert from United Nations has described the Iran’s Death penalty as “an arbitrary deprivation of life”.

Key Points

What is the issue with Iran’s death penalty?

In the fourth annual report on human rights in Iran, UN expert briefed that, practice in Iran of imposing death penalty to children is “extremely disturbed”. Iran is one of few countries that continues this practice, even though international law prohibits such practices. Apart from that, there are other key human rights concerns in Iran such as- discrimination against religious, ethnic & sexual minorities, dire conditions inside prisons and repression of civic space.

Capital punishment in Iran

Capital punishment, also called as death penalty, is a legal penalty in Iran. Crimes on which capital punishment is imposed include murder, child molestation, rape, drug trafficking, kidnapping, paedophilia, armed robbery, kidnapping, burglary, terrorism, prohibited sexual relations, incestuous relationships, fornication, sodomy, prostitution, sexual misconduct, adultery etc. Laws are established by the Islamic Consultative Assembly in Iran. These laws must be consistent with the Sharia laws.

The central government has planned to set up a committee for National Employment Policy (NEP), which seeks to create a roadmap for improving job opportunities in India.

Highlights

National Employment Policy (NEP)

The NEP seeks to create a sector-wise strategy to improve the potential of job creation by pulling investments towards employment-intensive sectors, attracting new industries by creating an enabling environment and by policy interventions. It will be created based on data from five all-India labour surveys and E-Shram portal for facilitating evidence-based policymaking to generate employment. Following the consultations, it will be sent for cabinet approval.

AQEES survey

The first All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES) was launched in September 2021, for the April-June 2021 quarter. This survey is conducted by Labour Bureau, an office of Ministry of Labour & Employment. As per Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), unemployment rate had touched a record high of 23.52%, in April 2020. During April-June 2020-21 quarter, around 121 million jobs were lost, the highest ever monthly job loss on record since it started compiling employment data.

E-Shram Portal

Labour Ministry had launched the E-Shram portal on August 26, 2021. The platform registers an estimated 380 million informal & unorganised workers like construction workers, street vendors, domestic workers, gig & platform workers, agricultural & migrant workers, and other unorganised workers. This portal will facilitate the implementation of policies for unorganised sector. Portal will help in monitoring and supervising government policies as well as ensure that benefits reach the targeted group.

Saudi Arabia launched a “National Infrastructure Fund” on October 25, 2021 to invest 200 billion Riyals in projects over the next decade.

Highlights

Why was this fund created?

The fund was created as Saudi Arabia has been striving to diversify its economy. It seeks to reduce its dependence on oil by empowering the private sector & by offering different economic initiatives. This fund will contribute to achieving the goal of Saudi’s Vision 2030 by promoting projects.

Which organisation manage the fund?

The National Infrastructure Fund was launched by National Development Fund (NDF). It was launched after the Council of Ministers approved it as a subsidiary development funds and banks of NDF. NDF will manage this fund along with its system comprising of 11 development funds & banks.

Aim of the fund

The National Infrastructure Fund was created with the aim of contributing towards development of financial sector by finding alternative solutions for financing infrastructure projects. It will also encourage the private sector to invest in all these projects.

National Development Fund

This fund was established in 2017, to advance the performance of development funds and banks in Saudi Arabia. It empowers the development funds and banks to fulfil development priorities and economic obligations related to Vision 2030 of the kingdom.

The World Food Programme (WFP) has warned that, tens of millions of Afghans, including children, could die of starvation if urgent action is not taken.

Key Facts

World Food Programme (WFP)

WEP is the food-assistance wing of the United Nations. It is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, focusing on hunger and food security. The organisation is also the largest provider of school meals. It was established in 1961 and is headquartered in Rome. It has also set up offices in 80 countries. As of 2019, WFP served 97 million people across 88 countries. It is an executive member of the United Nations Development Group, which is a consortium of UN entities working with the aim of fulfilling the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Its primary priority is to achieve SDG 2 for “zero hunger” by 2030.

Functions of WFP

Apart from emergency food relief, WFP provides technical assistance and development aid, like:

  1. Building capacity for emergency preparedness & response
  2. Managing supply chains & logistics
  3. Promoting social safety programs, and
  4. Strengthening resilience against climate change.

It also provides direct cash assistance & medical supplies as well as provides passenger services for humanitarian workers.

For the first time, China has enacted a national law on “protection and exploitation” of country’s land border areas.

Key facts

Timing of the new border law is significant as China continues to be at loggerheads with India across the Line of Actual Control (LAC), separating both the countries.

Aim of the law

As per Chinese media, the new law has been enacted with the aim of maintaining national security and managing border-related matters at the legal level amid the regional tensions”.

About the New Border Law

How will the law impact India?

The Chinese law has been enacted in the backdrop of regional tensions across its border with India. As per reports, this law has a wide ambit with respect to border affairs. It clarifies government responsibilities, leadership system, and military tasks in territorial border work. China shares the land borders of around 22,000 km with 14 countries, along which disputes arising because of mismatch between its historical perception and ground realities of its territories. India shares a 3,488 km border with China, extending from Arunachal Pradesh to Jammu & Kashmir. The border with India is not fully demarcated. However, process of clarifying & confirming the LAC is in progress.