Daily Current Affairs - 30-07-2021

The Reserve Bank of India cancelled the license of Madgaum Urban Cooperative Bank Co., Ltd., located in Margao, Goa, because due to the current financial situation of the bank they will not be able to pay its current depositors in full.

Highlights

Conclusion

The Bank did not have sufficient prospects for capital and earnings, and did not comply with the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

With the cancellation of the license and the beginning of the liquidation process, the payment process to the depositors will soon begin.

World Day against Trafficking in Persons is being observed on 30th July, 2021.

Highlights

Conclusion

Even in the 21st century, the threat of human trafficking has not disappeared. Thousands of people around the world have been trafficked for sex trafficking, slavery and forced labour.

According to the National Criminal Records Bureau (NCRB) of India, human trafficking is a group of crimes involving the trafficking of men, women and children for the purpose of sexual exploitation or economic gain or other exploitation of trafficked persons.

According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the 2010 Report on Human Trafficking indicated that 90% of trafficked persons belong to the most vulnerable groups.

According to the UNODC, sexual exploitation is the most common form of human trafficking. The Office of Drugs and Crime stated that learning from victims’ experiences and their suggestions will lead to a more victim-centric approach to combat human trafficking.

A study conducted by the Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) between 1998 and 2018 found that in 18 of 22 areas, the groundwater level dropped by more than 1 meter per year.

Highlights

Overexploitation in most districts

Except for the four districts of Faridkot, Ferozepur, Gurdaspur, and Muktsar, and a few blocks of Hoshiarpur, Nawanshahr, Ropar, and Mansa, groundwater in every area of ​​the state has been overexploited.

Ground water problem

The groundwater level depletion problem started after 1990, but after 1998 the rate of decline has continued to increase. By 2012, the situation deteriorated and the images shared by PAU showed the appearance of places where it appeared water level has fallen below 20 meters. By 2018, the situation in the central part of the state had deteriorated and the groundwater level had dropped below 30 meters.

Cause of this problem

Due to the convenience and needs of farmers, the transition from canal irrigation to tube wells led to the depletion of groundwater..

Worst-hit districts

The most severely affected areas are Sangrur, Barnala, and Patiala, where the annual groundwater level drops by 106.5 cm, 103.3, and 100.2 cm, respectively (1 meter per year). In the Mohali, Fatehgarh Sahib, Jalandhar, Tarn Taran and Ludhiana areas, the groundwater level drops by 59.8 cm, 70.4, 68.4, 56.7 and 56.1 cm, respectively, every year.

On 31st July, 2021 a ‘Samajik Adhikarita Shivir’ for the distribution of assistive devices and aids to ‘Divyangjan’ will be distributed in Madhya Pradesh.

Highlights

About Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

MoSJE is a ministry of the Government of India. It is responsible for the well-being, social justice and empowerment of socially disadvantaged and marginalized groups, including other backward classes (OBC), scheduled castes (SC), transgender and LGBTQ people, the disabled, the elderly and drug abuse victims. Dr. Virendra Kumar is the current minister of this department.

The Government of India announced that it has approved 780 new air traffic routes under the UDAN regional air connectivity scheme.

Key Points

UDAN scheme

Launched in the year 2017 UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) is a Regional Connectivity and regional airport development scheme of Government of India. This scheme was launched with the primary objective making air travel widespread and affordable so that the common citizen of the country can afford it. This scheme also envisaged to boost job growth, national economic development and air transport infrastructure development across the country. UDAN scheme is a very important part of the government’s National Civil Aviation Policy. This scheme will be jointly funded by the state as well as the central government. Under this scheme a lot newly formed regional flight routes will be connected to the existing ones. Airports and other related infrastructures will also be developed under this scheme.

 

The Kerala government has announced a financial plan of more than Rs 5,000 crore to revive the state’s economy that has been unstable due to the COVID 19 pandemic.

Highlights

Conclusion

This is the third financial package which has been announced by the government of Kerala with the aim to tackle the economic crisis caused due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Mini polyhouse which is a kind of greenhouse will be built under the “Krishikarna” project, launched in Kerala, a joint initiative of the National Society for Agricultural Horticulture (SAHS), the Sustainability Foundation and Qore3 Innovations.

Highlights

Plan of this project

The plan is to plant Long beans, tomatoes, salad cucumbers, bell peppers, bell peppers, and green leafy vegetables at the mini polyhouses which will be constructed. Krishikarna covers greenhouses, fish and vegetables and mushroom farming. Work on the lands of those farmers who have signed up for this project has already begun, and seeds can be sown within a few weeks.

From 28th to 29th July, 2021, the 12th edition of the military exercise INDRA NAVY was held in the Baltic Sea. It is a biennial bilateral maritime exercise that is conducted between the Indian Navy and Russian Navy.

Highlights

Representation by the countries

INS Tabar represented the India Navy whilst the Russian Federation Navy was represented by Corvettes RFS Odintsovo and RFS Zelyony Dol of the Baltic Fleet.

Conclusion

The exercise was conducted over two days and various fleet operations such as underway replenishment drills, boarding drills, anti-air firings, helicopter ops, and seamanship evolutions. This exercise will further strengthen inter-operability, mutual confidence and will also enable the sharing of best practices between the Navies of both the countries.

The National Gallery of Australia (NGA) has recently announced that they will be returning 14 pieces of artworks to India. These artworks also include Chola idols and they are from the museums Asian art collection section.

Highlights

Conclusion

The NGA museum of Australia has said that many of the artworks were most likely either stolen or looted from India. Returning them to India is the right thing to do and doing so will further enhance the collaboration between India and Australia. Given the current COVID-19 situation, the physical handover of these works of art will be negotiated between the two countries over the next couple of months.

Intel has collaborated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the Ministry of Education to announce the launch of the ‘AI For All’ initiative. This initiative has been launched with the aim of creating a basic understanding of artificial intelligence (AI) for everyone in the country

Key Points

About AI For All

Intel’s AI For All is a 4-hour, learning program. It can be accessed by all and is as much applicable to a student as to a stay-at-home parent or a professional in any field and even a senior citizen of the country. This program of Intel aims to introduce Artificial Intelligence, its usage and function, to 1 million citizens in the first year of the program. This 4-hour program is divided into two sections:  AI Appreciation (2.5 hours) and AI Awareness (1.5 hours).

AI Awareness

The segment on AI Awareness provides an elementary understanding of AI, misconceptions about AI and the potential of application of AI.

AI Appreciation

The AI Appreciation segment will help the learners understand the domains of AI as well as the impact it has across the various industries.

This program is available in 11 vernacular languages. The content has also been made compatible with various talkback applications so that it can also be accessed by visually impaired people.

All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) has announced that it is creating a database of resources so that colleges can offer more programmes in the regional languages of the country. AICTE has also developed a tool to translate the engineering content into 11 languages of the country.

Highlights

Other Announcements

It has been announced that Indian Sign Language will be added as a regular language subject in secondary schools. Doing so will promote inclusivity for hearing and speech impaired students. Other NEP initiatives such as three-month play module to prepare children to enter Class 1 and an academic credit bank have also been rolled out earlier.

 

India’s 14 Tiger Reserves have received the Global Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) accreditation.

The 14 tiger reserves are

Global Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) accreditation

CA|TS is a conservation tool which is accepted globally. This tool sets best standards and practices to manage the tiger population of the world and encourages their assessments for benchmarking of progress. It is being implemented in around 125 sites in seven tiger range countries. India has the highest number of 94 sites, out of which assessment of 20 tiger reserves were completed this year. Currently, the country has 51 tiger reserves which are spread across 18 states.

Conclusion

Protection and preservation of tigers are very important for the maintenance of the entire eco-systems and all species of fauna and flora. Hence, a balance between conservation and development as well as maintenance of the tiger population is very necessary. Infrastructures should be developed so that the tigers can be conserved and their population can be increased.