Daily Current Affairs - 11-07-2021

NATIONAL
– PM Modi speaks to Vietnam’s PM Pham Minh Chinh
– Indian Navy prohibits flying of drones within 3 kms of Naval assets
– Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilization and Welfare) Bill, 2021 introduced; no govt job, subsidy to those having more than if over two children
– Dr P. K. Warrier, doyen of Ayurveda medicine, dies at 100 in Malappuram, Kerala
– J&K Govt. dismisses 11 employees, including 2 policemen, for allegedly working as over ground workers for terrorist organisations
– 15 EU countries recognise India’s Covishield vaccine for travellers

FINANCE
– National Fish Farmers Day celebrated by National Fisheries Development Board on July 10
– Geographical Identification (GI) certified Fazil mango variety sourced from Malda district of West Bengal exported for the first time, to Bahrain
– Industrialist N.S. Srinivasa Murthy appointed Honorary Consul General of Vietnam for Karnataka

INTERNATIONAL
– G20 Finance Ministers & Central Bank Governors (FMCBG) meeting held in Venice
– Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti nominated as new US ambassador to India by President Joe Biden
– EAM S. Jaishankar hands over relics of 17th century Georgian Queen St. Ketevan to Georgia in capital Tbilisi

GAMES
– Australia’s Ashleigh Barty wins women’s singles title at Wimbledon tennis

Sikkim, the smallest State with less than 1% of India’s landmass, is home to 27% of all flowering plants found in the country, reveals a recent publication by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).

About:

* Flora of Sikkim – A Pictorial Guide, released earlier this week, lists 4,912 naturally occurring flowering plants in the tiny Himalayan State.

* The total number of naturally occurring flowering plants in the country is about 18,004 species, and with 4,912 species, the diversity of flowering plants in Sikkim, spread over an area of 7,096 sq. km, is very unique.

* The State, which is a part of the Kanchenjunga biosphere landscape, has different altitudinal ecosystems, which provide opportunity for herbs and trees to grow and thrive.

* publication details 532 species of wild orchids (which is more than 40% of all orchid species found in India), 36 species of rhododendron and 20 species of oak, and more than 30 species of high-value medicinal plants, among other species.

Sikkim Forest Tree (Amity & Reverence) Rules, 2017

* This notification states that “the State government shall allow any person to associate with trees standing on his or her private land or on any public land by entering into a Mith/Mit or Mitini relationship.”

* The notification encouraged people to adopt a tree “as if it was his or her own child in which case the tree shall be called an adopted tree”.

Since 1900, 127 countries have registered malaria elimination. In 2021, two countries El Salvador on February 25 and China on June 29 were declared malaria-free by the WHO.

How did China eliminate malaria?

* China followed some specific strategies, namely strong surveillance following the ‘1-3-7’system: malaria diagnosis within 1 day, 3 days for case investigation and by day 7 for public health responses.

* Molecular Malaria Surveillance for drug resistance and genome-based approaches to distinguish between indigenous and imported cases was conducted. All borders to the neighbouring countries were thoroughly screened to prevent the entry of unwanted malaria into the country.

Global Malaria Report 2020

* As per the Global Malaria Report 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2019 an estimated 229 million malaria cases and 409,000 deaths in 87 malaria-endemic countries are recorded, with a large concentration of the total malaria burden (94%) in Africa.

* India shared 2% of the total global malaria cases in 2019.

The Vice President, Shri M Venkaiah Naidu received the first copy of the English translation of Shri Thummeti Raghothama Reddy's book- 'Terrace Garden: Midde Thota'.

About:

* The book, originally written in Telugu, chronicles Shri Reddy's successful journey of developing a fruitful terrace garden at Naarapalle, Hyderabad.

* The Vice President appreciated Shri Reddy for using age-old traditional methods of farming in his terrace garden. In the past seven years, Shri Reddy was able to reap 25 quintals of vegetables in a small area of 1230 square feet and all this was done using only soil and animal manure. No chemicals were used in his terrace garden.

* Noting this remarkable feat, Shri Naidu said, "Terrace gardening is a wonderful idea as it can provide us with nutritious food that is cost-effective."

* having a terrace garden not only gives fresh produce of chemical-free fruits and vegetables but also increases the levels of oxygen in the surrounding air.

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has expressed deep grief over the passing away of Kashi Annapurna Temple Mahant Shri Rameshwar Puri ji.

About:

* Annapurna Devi Mandir is one of the most famous Hindu temples (Mandir) in the holy city of Varanasi.

* This temple is dedicated to goddess Annapurna, the Hindu goddess for nourishment and is a form of the goddess Parvati.

* The current Annapurna Mandir was constructed in the 18th century by Maratha Peshwa Bajirao I.

* The temple is constructed in Nagara architecture.

Dr Panayambally Krishnakutty Warrier, doyen of ayurveda medicine and managing trustee of Vaidyaratnam P S Varier’s Arya Vaidya Sala, died at his headquarters at Kottakkal in Malappuram.

About:

* The physician of international repute had turned 100 last month and was recovering after a coronavirus infection.

* He played a pivotal role for the renaissance of ayurveda. With Warrier at the helm, the Vaidya Sala grew into a premier centre of ayurvedic medicine, converting traditional healing into modern, classical therapy.

* Warrier had been active in the Kerala Sasthra Sahitya Parishad (a people’s science movement), state library council and temple protection committee.

* He was a recipient of Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan.

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has recently secured trademark registrations in three countries – Bhutan, UAE and Mexico – a big stride towards protecting the identity of brand “Khadi” globally.

About:

* So far KVIC was having Trademark registrations for the word mark “KHADI” in 6 countries namely Germany, UK, Australia, Russia, China and EU where trademark registrations were granted in certain classes.

* However, with recent trademark registrations in Bhutan, UAE and Mexico, the number of such countries has gone up to nine.

* The development assumes great significance as there have been instances of some private local entities in countries like Mexico and Germany seeking trademark registration for brand name “Khadi” in their respective countries.

* In these countries, KVIC has got registrations in various classes that pertain to Khadi fabric, Khadi readymade garments and village industry products like Khadi soaps, Khadi cosmetics, Khadi incense sticks among others.

* Apart from these countries, KVIC’s trademark applications are pending in 40 countries across the world that include the USA, Qatar, Sri Lanka, Japan, Italy, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Brazil and others.

The National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) celebrated the National Fish Farmers Day virtually.

About:

* The National Fish Farmers day is observed every year to demonstrate solidarity with all fisher folk, fish farmers and concerned stakeholders throughout the Country.

* This annual event is celebrated to commemorate Professor Dr. Hiralal Chaudhury and his colleague Dr. Alikunhi for their contribution in achieving the successful induced breeding of major carps on 10th July,1957 at Angul in Odisha for the first time in the country.

* This pioneering work of induced breeding over the years has transformed the growth of aquaculture sector from traditional to intensive aquaculture practices and led to success of modern aquaculture industry.

* The day was also celebrated as NFDB Foundation Day.

In the US, Republicans have been railing against ‘critical race theory’, with many state legislatures controlled by the party passing laws restricting how race can be taught in public schools.

About:

* Critical race theory (CRT) is a body of legal scholarship and an academic movement of civil-rights scholars and activists in the United States.

* It seeks to critically examine U.S. law as it intersects with issues of race in the U.S. and to challenge mainstream American liberal approaches to racial justice. CRT examines social, cultural and legal issues primarily as they relate to race and racism in the United States.

* CRT originated in the mid 1970s in the writings of several American legal scholars. It emerged as a movement by the 1980s, reworking theories of critical legal studies (CLS) with more focus on race.

Features

* The basic tenets of CRT include that racism and disparate racial outcomes are the result of complex, changing and often subtle social and institutional dynamics rather than explicit and intentional prejudices on the part of individuals.

* CRT scholars also view race and white supremacy as an intersectional social construction which serves to uphold the interests of white people against those of marginalized communities at large.

A consignment of Geographical Identification (GI) certified Fazil mango variety sourced from Malda district of West Bengal was exported today to Bahrain.

About:

* This shipment to Bahrain comes a few days after APEDA organized a mango promotion programme at Doha, Qatar where nine varieties of mangoes including GI certified from West Bengal & Uttar Pradesh were displayed at the stores of importer Family Food Centre.

* The nine varieties which were exported includes GI certified Khirsapati (Malda, West Bengal), Lakkhanbhog (Malda, West Bengal), Fazli (Malda, West Bengal), Dusshheri (Malihabad, Uttar Pradesh) and Amrapali and Chausa (Malda, West Bengal) and Langda (Nadiya, West Bengal).

Scientists at the Department of Biotechnology (DBT)-Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar have reported for the first time a reference-grade whole genome sequence of a highly salt-tolerantand salt-secreting true-mangrove species, Avicennia marina.

About:

* Avicennia marina is one of the most prominent mangroves species found in all mangrove formations in India.

* It is a salt-secreting and extraordinarily salt-tolerant mangrove species that grows optimally in 75% seawater and tolerates >250% seawater.

* It is among the rare plant species, which can excrete 40% of the salt through the salt glands in the leaves, besides its extraordinary capacity to exclude salt entry to the roots.

* The genomic resources generated in the study will pave the way for researchers to study the potential of the identified genes for developing drought and salinity tolerant varieties of important crop species of the coastal region.