Daily Current Affairs - 30-01-2021

The State Cabinet meeting which was chaired by the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Edappadi K Palaniswami, cleared the 34 major investment proposals with a total investment of Rs 52,257 crore.

Highlights

  1. Rs 5,763 crore-worth mobile phone components manufacturing unit by Tata Electronics in Krishnagiri district. It has the potential to create 18,250 jobs.
  2. Rs 4,629 crore-worth investments by SunEdison that produce solar PV models. It has the potential to create 5,397 jobs.
  3. Rs 2,500 crore worth lithium-ion batteries manufacturing plant in Tiruvallur district by Lucas TVS. It has the potential to create 3,500 jobs.

Industrial Policy of Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu has always been the forefront of economic growth in India. The Government of Tamil Nadu has made significant growth in the field of automobiles, textile, engineering, Information Technology, leather, electric hardware and hi-technology industries over time. To maintain the pace the Government has formulated Tamil Nadu Industrial Policy which the aim of providing the necessary infrastructure in order to ensure the sustained industrialisation in Tamil Nadu.

Objectives of the industrial policy

Tamil Nadu Industrial Policy was formulated with the objective of:

  1. Obtaining boost the average growth rate of manufacturing sector.
  2. Achieving the sustainable industrial development.
  3. Providing employment opportunities in the state.
  4. Enhance the growth of high technology (Hi-Technology) industries such as aerospace and nanotechnology.

Recently, R. S. Sharma has been appointed as the new Chief Executive Officer of the Ayushman Bharat scheme or the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana which is an insurance scheme by the National Health Authority’s (NHA).

Highlights

  1. The newly appointed chief executive, RS Sharma, will replace Indu Bhushan.
  2. He was appointed after Indu Bhushan has completed the 3-year tenure as the CEO of Ayushman Bharat.

Who is RS Sharma?

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)

The Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana is a component under the Ayushman Bharat Scheme. This scheme by the central government offers free healthcare services to 40% of people of the country. The PMJAY scheme is in mission mode as a second component of Ayushman Bharat. The first component of the scheme is the Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) which provide the primary health care to the people close to their homes. The scheme was launched on September 23, 2018, in Ranchi, Jharkhand by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It provides a cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year. The scheme covers the secondary and tertiary hospitalization in all the private and public hospitals of India. It was launched with the aim of achieving the Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) has highlighted that the year 2020 the worst year on record.

Key findings of the report

UNWTO’s take on Vaccine

The UNWTO report states that the countries are gradually rolling out the COVID-19 vaccine. The organization expects that this will help in restoring the consumer confidence and will contribute in easing the travel restrictions. Thus, the travel will slowly normalize in 2021 ahead.

UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

UNWTO is the United Nations specialized agency. The agency is involved in the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. It is headquartered in Madrid, Spain. UNWTO is the leading international organization in the field of tourism. It promotes the tourism as a driver of economic growth. The agency serves as a global forum for tourism policy issues.

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has announced its new citizenship policy. The government has planned to offer citizenship to a select group of foreigners. The UAE has thus become the first Gulf Arab nation that formalized the process of giving expatriates a bigger stake in the economy.

Aim of the policy

The new citizenship policy has been announced with the aim of attracting the talent to the UAE in order to boost the growth. The country is considering longer residency and limited citizenship for foreigners because it seeks to attract the investment and diversify from oil.

Background

UAE earlier used to give citizenship in the UAE to some foreigners in special cases. They were given citizenship for providing service to the state.

Foreign Residents in UAE

The Foreign residents accounts for more than 80% of the total population od UAE. The residents are thus the mainstay of UAE’s economy since decades.

Who can be given citizenship?

The government has formulated following conditions to provide citizenship:

  1. Investors should own a property in the UAE.
  2. They are required to obtain one or more patents approved by the UAE Ministry of Economy or any other reputable international body.
  3. Doctors and specialists should be specialised in a unique scientific discipline or the scientific principles that are highly required in the UAE.
  4. Scientists should be an active researcher in a university or research center. They should have practical experience of at least 10 years in the same field.
  5. Individuals with creative talents like intellectuals and artists should be pioneers in the culture and art fields. They should be a winner of one or more international award.

Withdrawal of Citizenship

The citizenship of the individual can be withdrawn if there is a breach of the conditions.

The government is considering to introduce a new bill “National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill, 2021” in the ongoing budget session of the parliament. This bill will be passed with the objective of setting up a new development finance institution (DFI) so as to finance the infrastructure projects.

What is Development Finance Institution (DFI)?

National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP)

NIP is a group of social and economic infrastructure projects. The project has been launched for a period of five years. The project has an initial sanctioned amount of ₹102 lakh crore. The pipeline project was first announced by the Prime Minister of India during the 2019 Independence Day speech.

The Parliament of India

It is the supreme legislative body of India. Parliament is a bicameral legislature that comprises of the President of India and the two houses namely the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha. The President being the head of legislature has powers to summon and prorogue either house of Parliament. He has also the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha. However, he can exercise these powers only on the advice of the Prime Minister and his Union Council of Ministers.

Sessions of the Parliament

The period for which the House of the parliament meets to conduct its business is called a session. The Constitution of India has given power to the President to summon each House. The Gap between two sessions of the parliament should not be more than a six-month. Thus, the Parliament must meet at least twice in a year. The Parliament conducts three sessions every year in India:

  1. Budget session that runs from January or February to May
  2. Monsoon session that runs from July to August or September
  3. Winter session that runs from November to December.

The last Sunday of January is celebrated as the World Leprosy Day every year. The day is observed all across the world.

Highlights

Leprosy cases across the world

As per the report, there were 2,08,619 new leprosy cases globally registered in the year 2018. This figure has come from 159 countries.

Leprosy day in India

What is leprosy?

How it spreads?

The disease spreads through the droplets either from the nose or mouth when the affected person sneezes or coughs.

The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, will address the 125th anniversary celebration ‘Prabuddha Bharata’ which is scheduled to be organized on January 31, 2021.  It will be organized by the Advaita Ashrama, Mayavati

Prabuddha Bharata

Background

The publication of the Prabuddha Bharata magazine was started from Madras (Present day Chennai). The journal was published in Chennai for 2 years. After that, the magazine started publishing from Almora. From April 1899, the magazine started publishing from Advaita Ashrama. Since then, Advaita Ashram continuously edit the magazine and it is published and printed in Kolkata.

Contributors of the magazine

In the history, many great personalities have contributed to the magazine namely, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Former President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Sister Nivedita and Sri Aurobindo. Presently, it is edited by Swami Vireshananda.

Advaita Ashrama

This ashrama was founded in the year 1899. It was a branch of the Ramakrishna Math. The ashrama is located in Uttarakhand.

Ramakrishna Order

It is the monastic lineage founded by Ramakrishna. It was founded in January 1886 at the Cossipore House. It is different from the Ramakrishna Math. Ramakrishna Math is a legal entity that trains the young monks and directs the spiritual duties of the Swamis of the Ramakrishna Order.

The Union Sports Minister, Kiren Rijiju, has presented the Republic Day Awards for 2021 Parade Tableaux.

Key Facts

Best Tableau Award

Other Awards

How these Tableaux are selected?

The tableaux are selected by the Ministry of Defence for the Republic day parade. In order to shortlist the tableaux, an expert committee is set up by the defence ministry comprising of the distinguished people from various fields of arts. The expert committee consists of prominent persons from the field of art, painting, culture, music, architecture, sculpture and choreography.  States are given representation on a rotational basis.

The Indian Naval Fast Attack Craft, IN FAC T-81, of the Super Dvora MK II class was decommissioned on January 28 2020 in Mumbai.

Highlights

About IN FAC T-81

Super Dvora Mark II-class patrol boats

It is a high-speed class of patrol boats. He boats are meant for a variety of naval missions ranging from the typical off-shore coastal patrol mission profiles to a high-speed, high-manoeuvre littoral warfare. It is built by Israel Aerospace Industries for the Israeli Sea Corps. It is the successor to the Dvora-class fast patrol boats. He boats have been employed by the Sri Lanka Navy to counter the LTTE operations at sea.

Fast attack craft (FAC)

FAC is a small, fast, agile and offensive warship that are armed with anti-ship missiles, gun or torpedoes. They are operated in close proximity to land. They lack seakeeping and all-round defensive capabilities to survive in blue water. They can reach up to the speeds of 25–50 knots.

The National Statistical Office (NSO) has released the revised estimates of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) data on January 29, 2020. The data was revised for the for the fiscal years 2017-18 to 2019-20.

Highlights

National Statistical Office (NSO)

The National Statistical Office (NSO) was formed through the merger of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) with the Central Statistics Office (CSO). The NSO is headed by Secretary of the Statistics and Programme Implementation (S&PI). NSO have three Director Generals (DG) namely the DG of Statistics, DG of Coordination, Administration and Policy and DG of National Sample Survey. They all reports to the Secretary (S&PI). The NSSO and CSO was merged together with the objective of streamlining and strengthening the nodal functions of the ministry. It also seeks to bring in more synergy by integrating the administrative functions within the ministry. NSO works under the aegis of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).

Gross domestic product (GDP)

It is a monetary measure of the market value for all the final goods and services that are produced in a specific time period.

Gross value added (GVA)

It is the measure of the value of goods and services that are produced in an area, industry or sector of the economy. It is the value of output minus the value of intermediate consumption.

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, will inaugurate the Chauri Chaura Centenary celebrations on February 4, 2021. The celebrations will be inaugurated by PM virtually and it will be held in Uttar Pradesh.

Highlights

Chauri Chaura incident

Non-cooperation movement

This movement was launched on September 4, 1920 by Mahatma Gandhi. This movement was started with the aim of self-governance and obtaining full independence or Purna Swaraj. This was started in the light of withdrawal of the support by Indian National Congress (INC) for British reforms following the Rowlatt Act and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Rowlatt Act of March 1919

This act was passed to suspend the rights of political prisoners in sedition trials. This act motivated Mahatma Gandhi to follow the idea of satyagraha (truth).

Asia-Pacific Personalised Health Index was recently released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). The index measures the readiness in adopting the personalised healthcare of 11 health systems in the Asia-Pacific region.

Asia-Pacific Personalised Health Index

Key Findings of the report

India’s rank

Though, India was ranked at 10th position overall. But in the four vital categories India’s rank is- 10th in the health information indicator, 11th in the health services, 9th in the Personalised Technologies indicator while 5th in the Policy Context indicator.

Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)

It is the research and analysis division of Economist Group. It provides the forecasting and advisory services by doing research and analysis. It provides- five-year country economic forecasts, monthly country reports, country risk service reports and industry reports. It has several offices across the world including two offices in China and one in Hong Kong.

Asia-Pacific

It is the part of the world in the Western Pacific Ocean. This part varies in area on the basis of context, but it generally includes the Oceania, East Asia, South Asia and Southeast Asia.

The Larsen & Toubro (L&T) has bagged a contract worth Rs 1390 crore for the Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project. This project is India’s first such project. L&T has bagged the contract for the project from the National High-Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL).

Highlights

About Bullet Train Project

Bidding for steel bridges

Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet Train Project

The Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train Project is a 508 km long corridor. It will operate at speed of 320 km/hour. The train corridor will pass through Gujarat, Maharashtra and Dadra & Nagar Haveli. The train will complete the distance of 508 kms in just 2-3 hours. There will be 12 stations along the corridor. The bullet train project is also funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

It is a governmental agency that engages in delivering the bulk of Official Development Assistance (ODA) for the government of Japan. It assists in the economic and social growth of the developing countries.