Daily Current Affairs - 16-01-2021

With the assembly elections are to be held in Tamil Nadu in 2021, Jallikattu, a traditional bull-taming sport of the state has caught the attention of the political parties in the country. The Congress leader Rahul Gandhi recently attended the Jallikattu event.

About Jallikattu sport

The Jallikattu is a two-thousand-year-old competitive sport and an event that honours bull owners who rear them for mating. It is a violent sport. During Jallikattu, the contestants try to tame the bull for a prize. If the contestants fail, the bull owner wins the prize.

Why is Jallikattu important?

The sport is a traditional way of preserving pure breed native bulls for the peasant community. Currently, cattle breeding has become an artificial process. The conservationists argue that Jallikattu is the best way to protect the male animals which otherwise are used only for meat.

What are the popular native cattle breeds used in Jallikattu?

Pulikulam, Kangayam, Umbalachery, Malai and Bargur are the popular native cattle breeds used for Jallikattu.

What were the issues related to Jallikattu?

In 2011, the central government added bulls to the list of animals whose training and exhibition were prohibited. Later in 2014, the Supreme Court banned Jallikattu sport. Currently, the state government of Tamil Nadu has legalised Jallikattu events. In 2018, the Supreme court referred the case of Jallikattu to a constitutional bench. The case is still pending.

Concerns were raised under Article 29(1) against ban on Jallikattu. Article 29 (1) provides rights to Indian citizens to preserve their script, language and culture.

Jallikattu in other states

In Karnataka Jallikattu is called Kambala. The Karnataka Government too passed a law to save the sport. Except in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, the sport is banned in other states such as Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

The University Grants Commission (UGC) recently asked the higher education institutes across the country to establish an office for international affairs.

About the Office of International Affairs

Background

Under the New Education Policy, 2020, the Government of India asked colleges to expand global outreach of Indian higher education institutes to promote India as a global study destination. The offices are being set up to achieve this goal of the policy.

Recent Developments

The UGC recently amended its regulations allowing Institutions of eminence to set up campuses abroad. The Institutions of Eminence have to receive No-Objection certificates from Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of External Affairs to set up their campuses abroad. Currently there are eighteen Institutions of Eminence.

Institutions of Eminence

The UGC has nominated twenty Institutions as Institutions of Eminence. The nominations were made based on the recommendations of Empowered Expert Committee headed by N Gopalaswami. Only those institutions that appear in the global or national ranks shall be recommended for the Institutions of Eminence status. The public institutions are assessed based on the QS-2020 world ranking. The private institutions are assessed based on National Institution Ranking Framework (NIRF). The institutes that do not appear in QS-2020, QS-2019, NIRF are excluded from the Institutes of Eminence tag.

Pakistan recently issued special permits to Dubai ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum and five other members of their family to hunt Houbara Bustard during the 2020-21 hunting season.

Key Highlights

The controversial private hunting expeditions of Houbara Bustard by the Dubai Royals date back over four decades. The hunting continued even after the Pakistan Supreme Court imposed a blanket ban on the killing of Houbara Bustard in 2015. However, the order was reversed.

About Houbara Bustard

The Houbara Bustard is a large terrestrial bird found in the parts of Asia, Africa and middle east. After breeding in central Asia during spring, the Houbara bustards migrate south to spend the winter in Pakistan.

International Fund for Houbara Conservation

According to the International Fund for Houbara Conservation, currently there are only 42,000 Asian Houbara Bustards and 22,000 North African Houbara Bustard.

What are the concerns?

Over the four decades, the Pakistan foreign ministry extended yearly invitations to the wealthy and powerful Arabs for hunting the Houbara Bustard in the deserts of Punjab and Balochistan to strengthen their relations with the Arabs. The Arabs kill the birds for sport and also for their meat. The meat of Houbara Bustard is said to have aphrodisiac qualities.

Pakistan permits the Arabs to hunt a total of 100 bustards in a designated area during a ten-day safari. However, in 2014, a Saudi Arabian prince shot more than thousands of Houbara bustards during a three-week hunting safari. This created nationwide outrage from conservationists.

India and Arab in hunting

Similar expeditions had taken place in India as well in the borders of Rajasthan. The Arabs used to hunt Great Indian Bustard in the borders. The practice was banned in 1972.

Conservation

Month: Current Affairs - January, 2021

Category: Environment Current Affairs • International Current Affairs

Topics: arab • Arab states • Critically endangered • Great Indian bustard • Houbara Bustard • IUCN • Pakistan • Saudi Arabia • Vulnerable

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Comments

  • Pradipto
    Reply

    This should not be allowed at all, whether by any prince or any other person. Wild life conservation groups must take note

    The US President Donald Trump has become the first president of the country to be impeached twice.

    Impeachment of Donald Trump

    The House of Representatives of the United States recently voted to charge President Trump with inciting mob attack on US Congress. Recently President Trump instructed his supporters to March into the US Capitol building to overturn the US Presidential elections held in 2020. This ended up in an armed standoff.

    US Constitutional Provisions

    The United States constitution says that there are two ways to punish an impeached official. One is to remove the impeached official from his office and disqualify him to hold any office of honour, profit or trust under the United States Government. The second way is to remove an official by convicting with two third majority from the US Senate. Only a simple majority is needed for disqualification.

    Grounds of impeachment of US President

    The US President can be impeached based on accusation such as treasons, high crime, bribery and misdemeanors.

    On what grounds is an Indian President impeached?

    Violation of constitution.

    Process of impeachment of US President

    • Firstly, the House of representatives of the United States has to vote for the charges framed against the president.
    • After the passage of votes with simple majority, the president is impeached. However, he is not removed from the office.
    • In the next phase of the impeachment process, US Senate, that is, the upper house is convened like a court. The hearings are held and the President shall be removed from office only if two thirds of the Senate vote for it.

    Process of impeachment of an Indian President

    • The impeachment charges of an Indian President are initiated either in Lok Sabha or in Rajya Sabha.
    • After the impeachment resolution is passed by majority of two thirds in one house, it is sent to the other house. The other house investigates the charges.
    • If the other house also sustains the charges, an impeachment resolution is brought in.
    • If the impeachment resolution is passed with two-thirds majority, the president is said to be impeached.

    The Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to interact with the startups and address Startup India International Summit, Prarambh.

    About the Summit

    The Startup India International Summit is organised by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal trade (DPIIT) and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The summit is being organised as a follow-up of the announcement made by the prime minister Modi at the 4th Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-sectoral Technical and Economic cooperation, BIMSTEC Summit held in 2018 at Kathmandu, Nepal. During the Summit India also committed to host the BIMSTEC Startup Conclave.

    Significance of the Summit

    • The Summit will bring together speakers from all over the world. This will facilitate discussions on innovation, technologies, robust policies and enable international organisations and governments to share their views and thereby driving them to solve the problems and challenges.
    • The Summit also marks the 5th anniversary of Startup India initiative. The startup India initiative was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on January 16, 2016.
    • The Summit will be the largest startup conclave being organised by the Government of India since the launch of startup India initiative. More than 25 countries and 200 global speakers are to participate in the Summit.

    Objective of the Summit

    The main objective of the Summit is to focus attention of global capital for startups in India, provide opportunities for accessing International markets to the startups in the country, mobilize domestic capital and evolve enabling policy provisions.

    Startup India

    The Startup India initiative was launched to promote and support the startup in India by providing bank finances. The three main pillars of the startup India scheme are as follows:

    • To provide funding support and incentives to the startup in the country
    • To provide industry Academy partnership
    • Simplification and handholding

    Also, the Startup India initiative focuses discarding restrictive state government policies such as Land permissions, licence Raj, foreign investment proposals and environmental clearance rest.

    India and Japan recently signed Memorandum of Understanding to enhance cooperation in the field of Information and Communications Technology. The agreement included standardization of 5G as well.

    Key Features of the Agreement

    India and Japan will enhance cooperation in the field of telecom security, 5G technologies, submarine optical fiber cable system to islands of India, smart cities, spectrum management, high altitude platform for broadband in unconnected areas, public safety and disaster management.

    India-Japan

    In September 2020, India and Japan signed Military Logistics Agreement. The agreement allowed the countries to exchange supplies and services on a reciprocal basis. Japan was the sixth country with which India signed the agreement after US, France, Singapore, South Korea and Australia.

    Japan has committed to manufacture 30% of Indian aircrafts. This will increase defence manufacturing of India.

    India-Japan Nuclear Deal

    India and Japan signed the nuclear deal in 2015. Under the agreement, Japan can supply nuclear reactors, fuel and technology to India. The Agreement allows India to purchase nuclear reactors with more than 1,000 MW capacity. India will get nuclear breeder technology and nuclear fuel fabrication technology from Japan. India is the only non-NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty) signatory with which Japan has entered into a civil nuclear deal.

    Military Exercises

    India and Japan Armies held the first “Dharma Guardian” exercise in 2018. Also, the Indian and Japanese Air Force held their first bilateral exercise called “Shinyuu Maitri” in 2018. India, United States and Japan hold Malabar Naval exercise annually on regular basis.

    Maritime Domain Awareness

    The defence cooperation between India and Japan has helped in steady progress of Maritime Domain Awareness. The Maritime Domain Awareness is the understanding associated with global maritime domain. India has two centres specially dedicated for Maritime Domain Awareness. They are as follows

    • Information Management and Analysis Centre, IMAC
    • Information Fusion Centre-Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)

    The centres are located at Gurugram.