Daily Current Affairs - 11-01-2021

The Indian Space Research Organization recently announced that it is to adopt 100 Atal Tinkering Labs across the country.

How will ISRO help the Atal Tinkering Labs?

By adopting hundred Atal Tinkering Labs, ISRO is to facilitate mentoring and coaching of students in cutting edge technologies. It includes technologies related to space as well.

How will the initiative benefit the students?

ISRO will promote scientific temperament among students and will encourage them for space related technologies. The students will gain practical and application-based knowledge of STEM through the programme.

What is the current scenario of Atal Tinkering Labs in India?

There are more than seven thousand Atal Tinkering Labs in India. It helps more than three million students to acquire problem solving, innovative and tinkering mindset.

Who establishes Atal Tinkering Labs?

NITI Aayog.

Under which programme are Atal Tinkering Labs established?

Atal Innovation Mission.

What is Atal Innovation Mission?

The Atal Innovation Mission was launched to promote entrepreneurship and innovation in the country. It has two core functions namely entrepreneurship through self-employment and innovation promotion.

What are the major initiatives of Atal Innovation Mission?

NASA is to launch the mot powerful rocket in the world on January 17, 2021. NASA has named it as the “Space Launch System”.

What are the Key Features of Space Launch System?

How does the giant rocket of NASA work?

The Space Launch System consists of a giant core. It has two solid rocket boosters. Apart from these, the core has two large storage tanks. One tank stores liquid hydrogen and the other stores liquid oxygen. When the liquid oxygen and hydrogen are fed into the engine chambers, the chemical reaction produces vast amount of energy and steam. This steam exits engine nozzles at speeds of 16,000 km/hr to generate force that propels the rocket through the air.

What is the use of Solid Rocket Booster in SLS?

The Solid Rocket Boosters provide extra power to escape gravity clutches. These solid boosters provide 75% of the total thrust. They will burn six tonnes of Solid Rocket Booster every second.

Why is SLS the most powerful rocket?

What are the future high power rockets?

The Union Minister Shri Nitin Gadkari is to launch “Khadi Prakritik Paint”.

Who Developed Khadi Prakritik Paint?

Khadi and Village Industries Commission.

What is Khadi Prakritik Paint?

The Khadi Prakritik Paint is a non-toxic eco-friendly paint with anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. It is the first-of-its kind product.

What is the main ingredient of Khandi Prakritik Paint?

The Khadi Prakritik Paint was developed with cow dung as its main ingredient. It is odourless and cost-effective.

Is Khadi Prakritik Paint certified by Bureau of Indian Standards?


What are the two forms of Khadi Prakritik Paint?

The Khadi Prakritik paint is available in two forms namely plastic emulsion paint and distemper paint.

What are the main advantages of Khadi Prakritik paint?

Who tested Khadi Prakritik Paint?

National Test House, Mumbai, National Test House, Ghaziabad and shri Ram Institute for Industrial research, New Delhi.

What are the environmental impacts of normal paint?

They are high in Chromium and Lead. The conventional paints used in day-to-day life release Volatile Organic Compounds during the drying process, that is, after the coating is applied.

What are the environmental labels of paint cans?

The paints are labelled in the following way based on the release of Volatile Organic Compounds:

Month: Current Affairs - January, 2021

Category: Economy & Banking Current Affairs • Environment Current Affairs

Topics: Doubling Farmers Income • Khadi and Village Industries Commission • khadi prakritik paint • Nitin Gadkari • Paint

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  • Haresh Mehta

    Price of prakritik paint 1 kg?

    The Geological Survey of India has found promising concentrations of Vanadium in the Tamang and Depo areas of Arunachal Pradesh.

    What are the new explorations of Vanadium in India?

    According to Geological Survey of India, the Vanadium mineralisation is geologically similar to the “Stone Coal” Vanadium deposits of China. The GSI has discovered about seven metre thick carbonaceous phyllite for a length of more than six kilo metres in Depo area. Vanadium was also found in Subansiri district for a length of 15.5 km and thickness of 7 metres.

    What is Vanadium?

    Vanadium is a by-product obtained from the processing of Vanadiferous magnetite ores. In its pure form, Vanadium is soft, ductile and grey in colour.

    How much Vanadium reserves does India hold?

    According to Indian Bureau of Mines, the total estimated reserves of Vanadium in India is around 24.63 million tonnes. Of this, the estimated Vanadium Pentoxide is 64,594 tonnes.

    What is the Vanadium consumption of India?

    India consumes 3,360 metric tonnes of vanadium annually. This is 4% of Vanadium consumed by the world. Globally, 84,000 tonnes of Vanadium is consumed annually.

    What is the Vanadium production and consumption in China?

    China consumes 44% of world Vanadium production. And China produces 57% of the world Vanadium.

    What are the characteristics of Vanadium?

    Vanadium alloys are durable in extreme environments. They are corrosion resistant. They improve tensile strength of steel and reinforce steel bars used for tunnels, buildings and bridges. Their atomic number is 23.

    What are the major applications of Vanadium?

    • The Vanadium Pentoxide is used as a catalyst in the production of Sulphuric acid.
    • 85% of the Vanadium produced in the world are used as steel additive. Vanadium steel is used in gears, bicycle frames, axles and other critical components.
    • Vanadium Dioxide is used in production of glass coatings that blocks infrared radiation.

    The Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment operating under DRDO recently developed the Retractable Landing Gear System for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, TAPAS. These landing gear systems are to be used by the Indian Navy.

    What are Retractable Landing Gear System?

    The Retractable Landing Gear System consists of a hydrogas shock strut integrated with wheel and brake system. It absorbs and dissipates landing impact load to safeguard the aircraft. It has nitrogen combined with hydraulic fluid to absorb and dissipate impact loads.

    What is new in Retractable Landing Gear System?

    It absorbs and dissipates landing impact load to safeguard the aircraft. Also, it supports the aircraft during ground manoeuvrings. Also, the Hydro-Gas Strut is new in the design.

    What is the purpose of Landing Gearing Systems?

    The main purpose of Landing Gear systems in Drones is to facilitate safe take-off and landing of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.

    What is TAPAS UAV?

    TAPAS is Tactical Airborne Platform for Aerial Surveillance beyond horizon. It is also known as RUSTOM-2. It was developed by India on the lines of American Predator Drones. The first flight of TAPAS took place in 2016.

    Why are Unmanned Aerial Vehicles important?

    They are important for search and strike missions. It is expected that by 2050, at least 50% of combat missions will be designated to UAVs.

    Where is India in UAV technology?

    India is at its infancy stage in UAV. Israel and US are the leaders of UAV technology. India has signed several agreements with these countries to develop its UAV technology. India has also procured UAVs from Israel and USA. The Heron UAV fleet of India was procured from Israel.

    The production of an Indian Combat Mission capable UAV is at least a couple of decades away.

    The Union Home Minister Amit Shah recently launched the “Single Window Clearance System” for coal mines.

    What is Single Window Clearance System?

    The Single Window Clearance System for Coal Mines is an online platform launched to obtain clearances for smooth operationalisation of coal mines. It is aimed at allowing coal bidders to obtain all required clearances from a single portal. Currently, a company has to receive 19 major approvals to start a coal mine. Now with the single Window Clearance System, all the 19 approvals can be obtained in one place. This is one of the major steps in Coal Sector reforms of Government of India.

    What are the recent coal sector reforms?

    The Government of India recently introduced several coal sector reforms. They are as follows

    • Commercial mining of coal was allowed with fifty blocks offered to private sector.
    • Coal blocks were offered to private companies on revenue sharing basis.
    • Coal Bed Methane extraction rights are to be auctioned from Coal India’s coal mines.

    Why were coal sector reforms introduced?

    Coal Sector reforms were introduced to reduce coal imports in the country. Despite of the fact that India is the fourth largest producer of coal in the world, the country is the second largest importer of coal in the world. Therefore, the coal sector reforms were introduced to make India self-reliant in coal sector.

    What are the benefits of coal sector reforms?

    In 1973, the coal sector was nationalised. This meant that domestic coal can only be mined by public sector companies. However, the coal demand continued to grow at a faster rate. Because of this, the coal imports increased. The coal imports stood at 23% between 2009 and 2014. Introduction of commercial mining of coal will help to increase the coal production and bridge the supply gap. The Commercial coal mining will increase investment opportunities and save foreign exchange.

    What is Coal Bed Methane?

    It is a form of natural gas extracted from coal beds.

    What are Coal Bed Methane reserves of India?

    2,600 billion cubic metres.

    Where are Coal Bed Methane reserves found in India?

    Majority of the coal bed methane reserves are found in the Gondwana sediments of eastern India.

    The World Health Organization recently released a new map. The map differentiated Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh from the rest of Indian mainland with a different colour.

    What is the new WHO map of India?

    The new WHO map of India has marked the newly created Union Territories of India, Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir in grey colour. Also, it has marked the disputed Aksai Chin region in grey colour with blue stripes. The blue stripes are in identical shade as that of China. The map shows India in navy blue colour.

    What is India’s stand on the new map?

    India is not pleased with the new map. India believes that China has a big role in the new map of WHO. The influence of China on the World Health Organization is high as the country provides huge funding to the organization.

    What are other recently map discrepancies of India?

    India recently had tussled with Nepal and Pakistan regarding discrepancies depicted in maps.

    What is India-Nepal map issue?

    In May 2020, Nepal released a new political map that claimed regions of Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura. Nepal released the map after India inaugurated a motorable link road connecting India and China. The road passes through Lipulekh pass. This region is claimed by Nepal as its own territory.

    What is India-Pakistan map issue?

    In August 2019, Pakistan released a map that showed the geographical areas of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh within its area. Also, the Junagadh of Gujarat was shown as its own territory. The map was released a day before Indian Government rolled back the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. Also, the it was a counter action for India’s inclusion of Pakistan occupied Kashmir as part of the Unin Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to address be National Youth Parliament. The top winners of the National Youth Parliament will speak before the Prime Minister on January 12 valedictory function.

    When was the first National Youth Parliament held?

    The first National Youth Parliament was held in 2019 under the theme “be the voice of new India and find solutions and contribute to policy”.

    Why is the National youth parliament organised?

    The National Youth Parliament is organised to hear the voice of the youth between the age of 18 and 25 years.

    Why is National Youth Parliament held on January 12?

    It is held on January 12 to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. Also, the Government of India celebrates the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda as National Youth Day.

    How is the National youth parliament held?

    It is held at three levels. They are district youth parliament at district level, state youth parliament at state level, National youth parliament at National level.

    What is the importance of National Youth parliament?

    The National Youth Parliament will encourage the youth of the country to engage and understand the public issues in the view of a common man and form opinion and express them in an articulate manner. Their strong voices will be captured and documented to make them available to policymakers and implementers to take it forward.

    Who organises the National Youth parliament?

    The National Service Scheme operating under Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.

    What is National Service Scheme?

    The National Service Scheme (NSS) is a central government scheme. It provides opportunity to students of class 11 and 12, graduate and postgraduate students at colleges and Universities to participate in various government alert community services.

    What is the objective of National Service Scheme?

    The main objective of the scheme is to provide hands on experience to young students in delivering community service.

    When was the National Service Scheme started?