Daily Current Affairs - 27-02-2021

The Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports has restored the recognition of Gymnastics Federation of India (GFI) as the National Sports Federation (NSF) with immediate effect till December 31, 2021.

Highlights

Appointment to NSF

The appointment of the office-bearers for the federation will be done through an election in accordance with the Model Election Guidelines which will be issued by the Ministry.

Madhya Pradesh Cabinet has approved the “Penal Law (Madhya Pradesh Amendment) Bill, 2021” on February 26, 2021. This bill was approved in order to give life imprisonment to food adulterers in states.

Background

In the month of December 2019, an awareness rally organised in Bhopal to fight against the adulteration. The rally witnessed the participation of people from all age groups. It was held from Roshanpura to Lal Parade in Bhopal.

Food Adulteration

It is a legal term which is used when a food product fails to meet any of the legal standards as prescribed by the authorities.  Food Adulteration can be done by addition of another substance to the food item so as to increase the quantity of food item in either the raw form or prepared form. This results in the loss of actual quality of the food products.

Who regulates the Food Standards?

The legal standards of the food us regulated by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. This ministry is responsible to provide safe food to citizens. The ministry had laid down “The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954” that provides pure and wholesome foods to citizens. This act was amended in the year 1986. With this amendment, the punishments more stringent for the adulterers.

Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Act, 2006

This act was passed by the FSSAI in 2006 for which the regulations were notified in 2011. Under this act, FSSAI proposed to include new section to crack down on food adulteration. It mandates that, if the adulteration is done which results into the death or any other serious injury to the person than, there shall be punishment for the adulterers for a term not less than seven years which could also be extended to life imprisonment.

The NITI Aayog and Invest India have associated with the National Bamboo Mission to conduct the National Conference on Opportunities and Challenges for Bamboo in India.

Highlights

  1. Bamboo for Atma Nirbhar Bharat,
  2. Promoting Exports & Global Branding,
  3. Availability of Feedstock & Plantations,
  4. Innovations, Research & Development,
  5. Skill Development and
  6. Access to Institutional Credit & International Cooperation.

What does conference suggest?

  1. To adopt the agroforestry models by farmers in order to avoid the initial 3-4 years gestation period of bamboo plantation.
  2. It suggested the intercropping with pulses, ginger, lemon grass, etc.
  3. To use credible planting material and to adopt improved agronomic practices in order to increase yields.
  4. Plantations on the culturable wastelands should be encouraged.
  5. Integrated primary processing units should be set up for complete utilization of bamboo in order to comply with zero waste policy.
  6. To overcome the issue of high transport cost, use of waterways and exploration of transport subsidy options.

The Bhakti Movement Saint Guru Ravidas Jayanti is being observed on February 27, 2021 across the country.

Key Point

Guru Ravidas

He was an Indian poet-sant of the Bhakti movement. He founded the Ravidassia religion in the 15th to 16th century CE. He is respect as a guru in the region of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. He was a social reformer and a spiritual saint. The poems of Ravidas have also been included in the Panch Vani text of the Dadupanthi tradition within Hinduism. The saint taught the removal of social divisions of caste and gender. He also promoted the unity in the light of personal spiritual freedoms.

Early Life

The saint was also known as Raidas. He was born in Seer Goverdhanpur village of Uttar Pradesh near Varanasi. His birthplace is now called as Shri Guru Ravidas Janam Asthan. His parents belonged to a leather-working Chamar community so they belonged to the untouchable caste.

Bhakti Movement

It is the theistic devotional trend that spread in the medieval Hinduism. The movement later acted as a de facto catalyst in the formation of Sikhism. The movement was originated in eighth-century south India and spread northwards. It covered the east and north India in 15th century and onwards. It developed around the gods and goddesses.

The Finance Minister of India, Nirmala Sitharaman, attended the G20 Central Bank Governors’ meeting on February 26, 2021.  This was the first ever G20 Central Bank Governors’ meeting that was held under the Italian Presidency.

Highlights

G20 Grouping

It is an international forum for governments and central bank governors coming from the 19 countries and European Union (EU). The grouping was founded in the year 1999. It was established with the aim of discussing the policy regarding the promotion of the international financial stability. The grouping has also extended its agenda since 2008 from heads of government or state to the foreign ministers, finance ministers and think tanks. In the grouping, the EU is represented by European Commission & European Central Bank. The G20 economies account for 90 percent of the gross world product collectively.

The countdown for the launch of Indian Space Research Organisation’s PSLV-C 51 or Amazonia-1 mission started on February 27, 2021. The countdown began 8:54 am.

Highlights

Role of NSIL

About Amazonia-1

Amazonia-1 is being sent by National Institute for Space Research , Brazil. The satellite is an optical Earth observation satellite. The satellite will work to provide strength to the existing structure. It will also share the remote sensing data so as to monitor the deforestation in the Amazon region of Brazil. Further, the satellite will provide analysis of the diversified agriculture across Brazil.

ISRO’s Co-Passenger

The PSLV Vehicle will be carrying four co-passengers from the nodal agency called Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe). IN-SPACe is an independent agency working under the Department of Space. It allows the private sector to take part in the space activities.  The satellites from this agency include three UNITYsats along with one satellite from the Satish Dhawan Sat.

The Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Narendra Singh Tomar, has inaugurated the Saras Aajeevika Mela 2021 on February 26, 2021 at Noida Haat. On this occasion, Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Kailash Choudhary, was also present.

Highlights

Saras Aajeevika Mela 2021

The event was started on February 26, 2021 and will conclude on March 14, 2021. It is being organised by the Ministry of Rural Development. In the event, more than 300 rural self-help groups and craftsman from 27 states have participated. It is being organised from 11AM to 8PM daily.

SARAS Aajeevika Mela

The Chief Minister of Karnataka, B.S. Yediyurappa, launched the ‘Namma Cargo’ services on February 26, 2021.

Namma Cargo Services

Background

The operations by three road transport corporations namely, NWKRTC, KSRTC, and NEKRTC would cover 51 lakh km comprising of 14,500 schedules and. It also carries 38 lakh passengers per day.

How the name was decided?

‘Namma Cargo’ name was chosen for the services following a contest. The name emerged as the winning entry for the contest which was launched by the KSRTC in order to suggest names for this parcel and cargo services.

Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC)

It is a government agency operating the public transport bus service in Bengaluru. BMTC has the highest number of Volvo buses that is operated by a public transport company in the country. Currently, C.Shikha is working as the Managing Director of BMTC.

The National Statistical Office (NSO) recently released its data on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the financial year 2021.

Key Facts

How did economy revive?

The economic growth was revived with the help of resumption of the economic activity after the government lifted the lockdown restrictions and boosted the spending. Further, the vaccination programme in India has further boosted the confidence that the economy will grow stronger in the fiscal year 2021-22. However, the economy will face the challenge of containing a surge in new infections.

National Statistical Office (NSO)

NSO as an agency that was formed on the recommendation of the Rangarajan Commission. The office was set up to implement and maintain the statistical standards and coordinate the statistical activities of Central and State agencies in accordance with the National Statistical Commission (NSC). The Rangarajan Commission had also recommended to set up the NSC. NSC is headed by a person having a “Minister of State-Level designation”. NSC will serve as a nodal body for all core statistical activities in India. NSO was formed after merging the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) and Central Statistics Office (CSO) under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, is all set to receive the “CERAWeek global energy and environment leadership award” at an annual international energy conference which is scheduled in March 2021.

Highlights

  1. John Kerry who is US special presidential envoy for climate,
  2. Co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation,
  3. Founder of Breakthrough Energy Bill Gates and
  4. Amin Nasser who is the president and CEO of Saudi Aramco.

IHS Markit Ltd.

It is an American-British information provider. The organisation is based in London and it was established with the merger of HIS Inc. & Markit Ltd. in 2016. The organisation combines the information, analytics and expertise in order to provide solutions for government, business and finance. It helps the customers to see why things happen and encourage them to focus on what really matters in order for them to take the confident decisions so as to improve efficiency, drive the growth and outpace the competitors.

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has released its State of Environment Report, 2021 on February 25, 2021. The report highlighted how the Covid-19 pandemic will impact the children across world.

Key Findings

Where does India stand?

What does data show?

The experts from the Centre for Science and Environment highlighted that the data shows that action has not been taken in the past three years control and reduce the pollution even in those areas that were already polluted.

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)

CSE is a not-for-profit public interest research and advocacy organisation. It is based in New Delhi. The organisation was established in the year 1980. The organisation works on the poor planning, environment-development issues, climate shifts in India and advocate for policy changes & better implementation of existing policies.