Daily Current Affairs - 24-02-2021

The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to impose President’s Rule in Puducherry. This proposal was approved days after the Congress-led government in the union territory lost power after a vote of confidence.


President’s Rule

The President’s Rule in India is the suspension of state government and imposition of Union government rule. The President’s rule is imposed in accordance with the Article 356 of the Constitution. It is imposed when a state government is unable to function as per the Constitutional provisions.  Following this, the executive authority is exercised by the centrally appointed governor. The governor can also appoint other administrators to assist them. Under the President’s rule, the council of minister is dissolved and the office of chief minister is vacated. Also, the Vidhan Sabha is either prorogued or dissolved and it is reconstituted only after the election. As of now, Chhattisgarh and Telangana are the only states where President’s rule has not been imposed.

Vote of no confidence

It is a statement or vote regarding a person in a position of responsibility when that person is no longer deemed fit to hold that position. The person is declared unfit for the position when they are inadequate in some aspect and are failing to carry out any obligations.

The International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) Symposium on Sustainable Development of Dams & River Basins was inaugurated by the Minister for Jal Shakti, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, on February 24, 2021.


Dam Rehabilitation Improvement Project (DRIP)

Under the event, the achievement of the Dam Rehabilitation Improvement Project (DRIP), that was launched to improve the safety and operational performance of large dams and its appurtenances structures, will be presented to the Global Dam Community who are looking forward to India’s development. Further, the Dam Safety Bill which was approved by Lok Sabha, to put the regulatory mechanism and proper surveillance, operation, inspection and maintenance of all dams in India will also be publicised.

The Indian Army is in process of acquiring niche technology by procuring quantity 556 Augmented Reality Head Mounted Display (ARHMD) System. The army will procure it under Make-II Category.


Make-II Projects

In the Defence procurement procedure, the provision of ‘Make’ category of capital acquisition is the key pillar of realising the visions of ‘Make in India’ initiative. This category fosters the indigenous capabilities by design & development of required defence equipment, product or systems by public as well as the private sector industry. ‘Make’ Procedure is divided into two sub-categories:

  1. Make-I– Projects under this sub-category involves the Government funding of 90%. The funding from the government is released in a phased manner. It is released as per the terms agreed between MoD and the vendor.
  2. Make-II– Projects under this sub-category involves the prototype development of equipment, system or platform. It also involves the upgradation of the equipment or system. For the development of prototype, no Government funding is provided.

The Union Cabinet has approved the production-linked Incentive scheme for IT Hardware on February 24, 2021.

Key Facts

Why this scheme was launched?

Currently in India, laptops of worth Rs 30,000 crore and tablets worth Rs 3,000 crore are sold in India. Out of them, 80 per cent of are imported. Thus, this new PLI scheme was launched with which, government hopes to pull the top 5 global companies to India which controls 50 per cent of the international market.

PLI in Pharma sector

Government has also extended the PLI scheme of worth Rs 15,000 crore for pharmaceuticals. This move was taken in order to reduce the imports and boost the domestic production. Currently, the Indian pharmaceutical industry is $40 billion and it contributes around 3.5 per cent to the global market. But the high-end patented drugs are still imported. The extension of PLI Scheme to pharmaceuticals will make it globally competitive.

About PLI Scheme

This scheme is an outcome oriented as well as output-oriented scheme in which the incentives are paid only if the manufacturers make the goods. It provides cash incentives for five to seven years. Under this scheme all the important sectors are covered ranging from automobiles, food processing, advanced chemistry, Pharma, Solar PV manufacturing etc.

The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, has inaugurated the world’s largest Stadium at Motera, in Gujarat on February 24, 2021.

Key Facts

Facilities at the Stadium


The old Motera Stadium was demolished in the year 2016 which had the sitting capacity of 54,000 spectators. So, the foundation stone for the new cricket stadium was laid down in January 2018. The foundation stone was laid by the Gujarat Cricket Association. Its construction has been completed in two years.

Recently, a kangaroo painting was identified in Australia with the help of some ancient wasps. The kangaroo painting was created over 17,000 years ago by Aboriginal community artists. The painting was identified as Australia’s oldest intact rock art.


Indigenous Australian art

This art includes the art made by Aboriginal Australian and Torres Strait Islander peoples. This art form comprises of the works in a wide range of media such as paintings on leaves, wood carving, bark painting, watercolour painting, rock carving, ceremonial clothing, sculpting and sand painting. This is the art by Indigenous Australians that dates back to pre-European colonisation by thousands of years.

Aboriginal Australians

They are the Indigenous peoples of Australian mainland and its islands like Fraser Island, Tasmania, Tiwi Island, Hinchinbrook Island and Groote Eylandt. This term refers to the Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders jointly.

Rock art

The rock art includes the painting and carving which can be found at sites throughout Australia. The oldest rock art is found in Pilbara region of the Western Australia and Olary district of South Australia. These arts are estimated to be around 40,000 years old.

Kimberley Region

It is the northernmost region among the nine regions of Western Australia. The region is bordered by Indian Ocean to the west, Timor Sea to the North, Great Sandy to the south. It was named after Secretary of State for the Colonies John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley by the government surveyor Alexander Forrest in 1879.

A group of scientists of three institutes have discovered a new species of alpine plant in the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh. The details were published in Biodiversitas: Journal of Biological Diversity.

About the New Alpine Plant Species

Alpine Plants

The plants that grow in the alpine climate. Many of the plant species and taxon grow as a plant community in such alpine tundra including perennial grasses, forbs, sedges, mosses, cushion plants and lichens. These plants are adapted to harsh alpine climatic of environmental conditions such as dryness, low temperatures, wind, drought, ultraviolet radiation, poor nutritional soil and a short growing season.

Alpine climate

Typical weather for the regions that occurs above the tree line. It is also called as the mountain climate or highland climate.

Tree line

It is the edge of habitat at which trees are capable to grow. Tree line is found at high elevations and high latitudes. It the line beyond which the trees cannot tolerate environmental conditions like extreme snowpack, cold temperatures, or associated lack of moisture.

Tawang District

It is the smallest districts out of the 16 administrative districts of Arunachal Pradesh. It has a population of 49,977 which makes the state as eighth least populous district in India. This district is inhabited by the Monpa people.

The Chief Minister of Rajasthan, Ashok Gehlot, led Congress government presented its third state budget and the first paperless budget on February 24, 2021 in the state assembly. The Chief minister holds the finance portfolio and he finalised the budget on February 23, 2021.

Rajasthan Legislative Assembly

The state legislative assembly of Rajasthan is the unicameral legislature. This assembly meets at the Vidhan Bhavan in Jaipur. The members of the state Legislative assembly are directly elected by the people. They are elected for a term of 5 years. Currently, the legislative assembly is comprising of 200 members.


First Rajasthan Legislative Assembly was inaugurated in March 1952. Its tenure was from 1952 to 1957. The assembly then had the strength of 160 members. In the year 1956, the strength of the assembly was increased to 190 by merging the Ajmer State with Rajasthan. The second legislative assembly was inaugurated in 1957 with 176 members. Following this, third legislative assembly was inaugurated in 1962 with 176. The fourth and the fifth assembly had 184 members. The strength of the assembly was increased to 200 with the sixth legislative assembly that ran from 1977 to 1980. The Fourteenth Legislative Assembly was started in January 2013. Umed Singh of Barmer became the youngest member of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly in 1962.

Unicameral Legislature

Unicameral Legislature means the legislature which comprises of a single legislative or parliamentary chamber or house. Almost half of the world’s sovereign states are unicameral. However, the People’s Republic of China lies in between having a legislature and a formal advisory body.

State Budget

The state budget is laid down before the house of houses of legislatures in the state in accordance with Article 202 of the Constitution. The budget comprises of the estimated statement of receipt and expenditure for a financial year.

The flagship scheme of the central government, Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM KISAN) has completed its two years on February 24, 2021.


About PM KISAN Scheme


Rythu Bandhu scheme

This scheme is also called as Farmer’s Investment Support Scheme (FISS). It is a welfare scheme that provides direct support to farmers investment for two crops in a year. Under this scheme, the Telangana government is providing 58.33 lakh farmers a support of ₹5000 per acre per season twice in a year.

The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has approved the acquisition of 118 Arjun Mark 1A tanks on February 23, 2021.


Other approvals

NAG missile

It is a third-generation anti-tank guided missile. The missile has the capability of top attack because of which it can effectively engage and destroy all the known enemy tanks in the day as well as night time. Final trial of the Nag anti-tank guided missile was conducted in October 2020 and now the missile is ready to be inducted into Indian Army.

Arjun Tank

It is a third-generation main battle tank which has been developed by DRDO. It was developed for Indian Army. It has been after Arjun from the Indian epic Mahabharata. It comprises of 120 mm main rifled gun.

An Indian social activist, Anjali Bhardwaj, who works on issues of transparency and accountability has been selected for the “United State International Anti-Corruption Champions Award” along with the other 11 anti-corruption champions. These names were announced by Joe Biden administration.


  1. Courageous individuals, who champion the anti-corruption efforts and
  2. Countries, which are working to fulfil their commitments with respect to the international anti-corruption standards.

About Anjali Bhardwaj

Other Champions

Other Champions include- Diana Salazar of Ecuador, Sophia Pretrick of Micronesia, Ardian Dvorani of Albania, Francis Ben Kaifala of Sierra Leone, Ibrahima Kalil Gueye of Guinea, Dhuha A Mohammed of Iraq, Juan Francisco Sandoval Alfaro of Guatemala, Mustafa Abdullah Sanalla of Libya, Bolot Temirov of Kyrgyz Republic, Victor Sotto of The Philippines and Ruslan Ryaboshapka of Ukraine.

Whistleblower Protection Act, 2014

The act comprises of the provision to receive the complaints related to corruption or wilful misuse of power or discretion against any public servant. It also provides for the mechanism to inquire or cause inquiry into such complaints. Further, this act provides provisions of safeguards for the person who makes complaints against victimization.

The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) recently published its draft national policy on migrant labours.


Facts regarding draft national migrant labour policy

  1. The first approach focusses on cash transfers, special quotas, and reservations for the labours.
  2. The other approach seeks to enhance the agency and capability of community. Thus, in turn removes any of the aspects coming in the way of natural ability of the individual to prosper.

What was the need of new policy?

This draft policy was formulated in the light of flaws in the existing laws. A report of 2017 also stated that the migrant workers should be integrated with all other workers so as to overarch the exploitation of workers by contractors. Further, in India the size of the unorganised sector is huge so a comprehensive policy was required to provide them a social protection.

Japan has appointed the first ever Minister for Loneliness amid the increasing suicide rates in Japan.

Key Points

Suicide in Japan

Tetsushi Sakamoto

He is a Japanese politician who was appointed as the Minister of Loneliness on February 12, 2021. He is also a member of the House of Representatives in national legislature of Japan called Diet. He represents the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan.

The Central government has launched the ‘National Urban Digital Mission’ on February 23, 2021.


National Urban Digital Mission

India Urban Data Exchange (IUDX)

It is an open-source software platform facilitating a secure and authenticated exchange of data across several data platforms, data producers, 3rd party applications and consumers. IUDX will provide full control to the data owners regarding the sharing of data. They could control as to what data needs to be exposed and to whom.

Smart Cities Mission

It is an urban renewal and retrofitting program that seeks to develop smart cities across India so as to make cities citizen friendly and sustainable. This mission is being implemented by Union Ministry of Urban Development in association with the respective state governments. It initially included 100 cities that will be completed in between 2019 and 2023.