Daily Current Affairs - 09-02-2021

The Denmark has recently given its approval for the plan to construct the first energy field island of the world. The energy island will be constructed in the North Sea.

Highlights

Energy Island

The energy island will be constructed in the North Sea. The project will cost around 210 billion Danish crowns. It will be constructed 80 kms off the west coast of Denmark. The energy island will be surrounded by the wind turbines and it will have an initial capacity of 3 gigawatts. The country has planned to make the energy island operational by 2033.

Denmark’s renewable energy policy

Denmark has taken the decision to construct the energy island as a significant part of country’s target to cut down the greenhouse gas emissions up to 70% by 2030 as compared to the levels in 1990. This target is the most ambitious targets of the country which is legally binding.

North Sea

It is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean. The sea is surrounded by the Great Britain comprising of England & Scotland besides, Denmark, Germany, Norway, Belgium, France and the Netherlands. The sea connects to the ocean by an English Channel to the south and Norwegian Sea to the north.

The space industry of Russia announced that the country is going to launch 40 satellites into orbit from 18 different countries of the world in March 2021.

Highlights

Soyuz-2

It is the advanced version of the Russian Soyuz rocket. The basis version of the rocket is a three-stage launch vehicle that is used to place the payloads into low Earth orbit. The first-stage of the rocket boosters and two core stages feature the uprated engines along with the improved injection systems. The rocket system also comprises of the Digital flight control and telemetry systems. It allows the rocket launching from a fixed launch platform. The rocket flown with an upper stage. The upper stage allows the rocket to lift the payloads into higher orbits. It is usually equipped with the independent flight control and telemetry systems.

Soyuz

It is a family of Soviet expendable launch systems. It has been developed by OKB-1 while the Progress Rocket Space Centre have manufactured it in Samara, Russia. It launched its first satellite in 1966. Till date it has launched over 1,700 flights. It is the most frequently used launch vehicle across the world.

Recently, a massive glacier burst occurred at Chamoli in Uttarakhand. The exact reason for the burst is not yet known. But the incident has brought the focus again to the dangers of climate change.  This incident is also being seen as the Glacial Lake Outburst flood.

Glacial Lake Outburst Flood

Subglacial Lake

It is a lake found under a glacier. It is usually formed beneath an ice cap or ice sheet. It is formed at the boundary between ice and the underlying bedrock. At this boundary, the gravitational pressure decreases the pressure melting point of ice.

Proglacial Lakes

The Proglacial lakes are the lakes formed at the tips of the glacial as a result of the retreating glaciers. They are often bound by sediments and boulders In the Himalayas, majority of the glaciers are known to be receding. So, there are several proglacial lakes in the regions.

Concerns

Breach in the boundaries of the proglacial lakes can lead to large amounts of water to rush down to nearby streams and rivers. The water gains the momentum on its way by coming in contact with the sediments, rocks and other materials. This causes flooding downstream.

Avalanche

The falling masses of snow and ice for which the speed increases as they move down the slope is called as an Avalanche.

As per data submitted by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in the Parliament, the number of beneficiaries under the government’s Anganwadi programme has declined in the number of by nearly two crores.

Highlights

Why number of enrolled children has declined?

Though the actual reasons for the declines in the number of children is unknown, some of the possible reasons for the decline could be:

  1. Those children who were unable to submit Aadhaar might have been knocked out as ‘fake’.
  2. The genuine fakes could have been identified with the help of Aadhaar.
  3. Census 2011 shows that the absolute population in the younger age groups was declining in States with a low fertility rate. So, the number might have declined because of changing demographics.

Anganwadi

It is a kind of rural child care centre in India. These centres were started by the Indian government in the year 1975. The centres were established under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program to combat the child hunger and malnutrition.

Integrated Child Development Scheme

This scheme was launched in the year 1975. Though in 1978, Morarji Desai government had discontinued it but in the Tenth Five Year Plan it was relaunched. The scheme comprises of a package of six services which are administered at various Anganwadi centres. The services include the immunisation, supplementary nutrition, pre-school non-formal education, health check-up, health education, and referral services.

In the Union Budget 2021, Rs. 1050 crore budget has been allocated for Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) for the financial year 2021-2022.

About SMAM Scheme

  1. Establishing the Custom Hiring Centres (CHCs),
  2. Creating Hubs for hi-tech & high value farm equipment and
  3. Establishing the Farm Machinery Banks.

Why this scheme was launched?

The Agricultural mechanization is crucial for the agriculture sector because this helps in improving the efficiency and effectivity of the inputs that are used in the crop production. It also helps in increasing the productivity of crops. Thus, this scheme was launched with the objective of increasing the efficiency, effectivity and productivity of the crops.

Components of the scheme

The scheme comprises of following components:

  1. The scheme makes the SMFs to connect with the hiring institutes that enables the SMFs to hire the machines because, purchasing the farm machines for SMFs is not financially feasible.
  2. It also raises awareness among the stakeholders by demonstrating the machine operations and skill development of farmers and youth.
  3. Further, the performance testing and certification of machines at the designated testing centres ensures the farm machinery effectively and efficiently.

Achievements under the scheme

Ever since the scheme was launched in 2014, Rs.4556.93 crores of funds have been released under the scheme for the States during the financial year 2014-2015 to 2020-2021. Under the scheme, around 13 lakh agricultural machines have been distributed so far. Also, 27.5 thousand Custom Hiring Institutions have been established as of now. The programs and schemes on farm mechanization have also increased the availability of the farm power per unit area. This power is used to perform various agricultural operations.

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, will inaugurate the World Sustainable Development Summit 2021 on 10th of February through video conferencing. The World sustainable development summit will be organised under the theme- ‘Redefining Our Common Future: Safe and Secure Environment for All’.

Highlights

World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS)

It is the annual flagship event that is organised by the Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). The summit is organised with the aim of providing the long-term solutions to benefit the global community. It seeks to benefit by assembling various stakeholders on a single platform to initiate a step for the constructive action to combat the issues of the future of humanity. The summit is organised in accordance with the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement.

Sustainable Development Summit in Delhi

Energy and Resources Institute annually organises the Sustainable Development Summit in Delhi since 2001. It is an international platform that facilitate the exchange of knowledge covering the aspects of sustainable development.