Daily Current Affairs - 30-08-2021

On August 30, 2021, Shooter Avani Lekhara has won India’s first gold medal in 2020 Tokyo Paralympics.

Key Points

India’s Medal Tally

India has won 19 medals so far across all 11 editions of Tokyo Paralympics Games since 1960. It comprises of 5 gold, 8 silver, and 6 bronze.

About Avani Lekhara

Avani Lekhara is an Indian Paralympic athlete of the shooting event. She was born on November 8, 2001. She has been currently ranked at World No. 5 in Women’s 10m Air Rifle standing (SH1). She competed in the 2018 Asian Para Games and has been getting support by GoSports Foundation through the Para Champions Programme. Avani sustained a spinal cord injury in a car accident in 2012. She started shooting after reading the autobiography of Olympic gold medallist shooter Abhinav Bindra. She tried hand in different sports with her father’s support but ultimately, she got inclined towards shooting.

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has proposed amendments in the liquidation process under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) in order to bring transparency.

Highlights

 IBBI (Liquidation Process) Regulations, 2016

It provides that the liquidator should carry on the business of corporate debtor for its beneficial liquidation and exercise all the powers of its board of directors, managerial personnel as well as the partners. It also provides to comply with applicable laws in behalf of the firm.

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)

IBBI is the regulator to look after the insolvency proceedings and entities such as Insolvency Professional Agencies (IPA), Information Utilities in India and Insolvency Professionals (IP). It was established in October 2016. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code provides IBBI statutory powers. The code was passed by Lok Sabha in May 2016. Present whole-time members of the IBBI include Dr. Navrang Saini, Dr. Ms. Mukulita Vijayawargiya and Sh. Sudhakar Shukla.

Union AYUSH Ministry launched a Y-Break App from Vigyan Bhawan on August 29, 2021.

Highlights

Activities and Campaigns

Activities launched by AYUSH Ministry comprises of:

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav is a series of events being organised to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of India’s Independence. Events are being organised by government of India and it will be celebrated as a Jan-Utsav in the spirit of Jan-Bhagidari.

India’s fastest growing Insurtech company, PhonePe, announced it has got an Insurance Broking license issued from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) and it will now serve as Direct Insurance Broker.

Highlights

Background

PhonePe came in to the insurance segment in January 2020 as a ‘corporate agent’. Since then, it has since launched offerings across general insurance, term insurance as well as health insurance. Response towards its insurance product, launched from millions of customers, encouraged PhonePe to apply for an Insurance Broking license in order to expand its insurance offering for consumers.

About PhonePe

PhonePe is an Indian digital payments and financial services. It is headquartered in Bangalore. It was founded in December 2015 by Sameer Nigam, Burzin Engineer and Rahul Chari. This is based on the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) and it went live in August 2016. The app is available in 11 Indian languages. This app allows users to send and receive money, DTH, recharge mobile, data cards, pay at shops, make utility payments, liquid funds, invest in tax saving funds etc. It also allows to book Ola rides, pay for Redbus tickets, and book flights & hotels through the Switch platform.

Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, Anurag Singh Thakur, launched the Fit India Mobile Application on the occasion of celebrating second anniversary of Fit India Movement.

Highlights

Fit India App

Fit India App is free and available in English & Hindi on the Android and the iOS platforms. It was developed in a way that it works even on basic smartphones. This app will bring ease of checking one’s fitness levels. It comprises of unique features such as fitness score, activity trackers, animated videos, and my plan in accordance with the individual specific needs.

Fitness Protocol

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the age-appropriate fitness protocols in the year 2020. These protocols are certified by World Health Organisation (WHO). A fitness mantra “FITNESS KI DOSE, AADHA GHANTA ROZ” was also dedicated to nation.

Fit India Movement

This movement was launched by PM Modi on August 29, 2019 on the occasion of National Sports Day. It was launched with the aim of making fitness an integral part of lives of every Indian. Fit India was first established by Suparno Satpathy in 1993 and was incorporated as a company in the year 2000.

Fitness Pledge

Fitness Pledge of the campaign is “I promise to myself, I will devote time for physical activity and sports every day. I will encourage my family members & neighbours to be physically fit and make India a fit nation”.

The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development has planned to organise and celebrate Thematic POSHAN Maah in September 2021.

About POSHAN Abhiyaan

POSHAN Abhiyaan is the flagship programme of government of India to improve nutritional outcomes for pregnant women, lactating mother, children and adolescent Girls. This mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion of International Women’s Day on March 8, 2018. POSHAN stands for “Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition” Abhiyaan. This mission was announced in Budget 2021-2022.

Aim of the Mission

POSHAN Abhiyaan divert the attention of country towards the problem of malnutrition and address it in a mission-mode. This mission focuses on the aims of POSHAN Abhiyaan, Mission Poshan 2.0. it seeks to strengthen nutritional content, delivery, outreach and outcomes in order to develop practices that nurture health, wellness and immunity on disease as well as malnutrition.

Jan Andolan

POSHAN Abhiyaan is a Jan Andolan or People’s Movement. It incorporates inclusive participation of public representatives of local bodies, government department from States or UTs, Public & Private sector and social organizations.

POSHAN Maah

POSHAN Maan is celebrated in the month of September to ensure community mobilization and bolster people’s participation. In the year 2021, as India celebrates Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, this month has been subdivided into weekly themes with a focused and assimilated approach to improve holistic nutrition. It will broadly focus on Plantation Drive for POSHAN VATIKA at Gram Panchayats, Anganwadis, School Premises etc. Saplings of nutritious fruit trees, local vegetables and medicinal plants & herbs will be planted as a part of celebration.

Indian construction firm, AFCONS, signed a contract for the largest-ever infrastructure project in Maldives on August 26, 2021.

Key Points

Who signed the contract?

Contract for Greater Male Connectivity – Male to Thilafushi Link Project was signed between the Ministry of National Planning, Housing & Infrastructure and AFCONS Infrastructure Ltd.

Funding for the project

India has provided a grant of $100 million and a Line of Credit of $400 million to fund the project.

About GMCP project

GMCP project is a bigger project than the Sinamale Bridge that was built with Chinese assistance. Sinamale Bridge connects Male with Hulhumale and Hulhule and was completed in the year 2018. GMCP project aims to connect four islands that accounts for half of Maldivian population. It will add dynamism to Maldivian transport and economic activities. It will connect Male with planned international port of Gulhifalhu and an industrial zone at Thilafushi. Project will use renewable energy and will utilise solar power for lighting purposes. GMCP project comprises of:

  1. Three navigation bridges of 140 m span across a deep channel between four islands,
  2. 41 km of marine viaduct in deep water
  3. 32 km of marine viaduct in shallow water or on land
  4. 96 km of at-grade roads.

Background

Contract for GMCP project was signed following a bilateral consultation between India and the Maldives. It was under discussion since the visit of External Affairs Minister of India to Male in September 2019.

Event of International Day against Nuclear Tests is held on August 29 each year.

Highlights

Background

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) established and adopted the International Day against Nuclear Tests in December 2, 2009 in its 64th session. This resolution was initiated by Kazakhstan to mark the 18th anniversary of the closing of USSR-controlled Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site in 1991 at Kazakhstan.

First nuclear test

United States Army had conducted the first nuclear test, called Trinity, in a desert site of New Mexico on July 16, 1945. This test empowered United States to drop atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945. This event resulted into an estimated 200,000 casualties while the survivors suffered from cancers due to radiation. Nuclear tests by USA and USSR led to the Cold War, that continued till 1991. About 2000 nuclear test explosions were conducted in between 1945 and 1996.

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)

CTBT was established by UNGA in 1996. It was signed and ratified by 170 nations.15 nations signed the treaty but did not ratify. It was not signed by 11 nations.

Significance of the Day

This day highlights the urgency of ban on all forms of nuclear weapons tests and its use by any country. The signatories of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty pledged to secure peace and security from the threat of nuclear weapons.

SpaceX launched shipments of ants, avocados, human-sized robotic arm toward the International Space Station on August 29, 2021.

Key Points

Falcon Rocket

Recycled Falcon rocket was blasted into predawn sky from Kennedy Space Center of NASA. The first-stage booster was landed on newest ocean platform called “A Shortfall of Gravitas” of SpaceX, after hoisting the Dragon capsule. The booster-recovery vessel was named so, in tribute to the late science fiction writer Iain Banks and his Culture series.

Robotic arm

Dragon is also carrying a robotic arm by a Japanese start-up company. It will attempt to screw items together in its orbital debut as well as perform other mundane chores that are normally done by astronauts. The first tests will be conducted inside the space station.  According to the company, a squad of these arms could help in building lunar bases and mine the moon for precious resources as early as 2025.

Discus thrower, Yogesh Kathuniya, clinched a silver medal on August 30 in the men’s F56 event in 2020 Paralympics.

Highlights

Men’s F56 event

In the F56 classification, athletes have full arm as well as trunk muscle power. Pelvic stability is provided to full ability in order to press the knees together.

Who is Yogesh Kathuniya?

He is a 24-year-old, B.Com graduate from Kirorimal College of Delhi. He is the son of an Army Man. He suffered a paralytic attack, when he was eight. Attack left him with coordination impairments in his limbs. During KMC, his potential was noticed by several coaches following which he came under tutelage of Satyapal Singh at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium. After some years, coach naval Singh started guiding him.

His achievements

2018 Para-athletics Grand Prix Competition in Berlin was his first even international competition in which he created a world record in F36 category. He won a bronze medal in 2019 World Para Athletics Championships in Dubai with the throw of 42.51m. This win made ways for him to Tokyo. At Tokyo Paralympics, he sent the disc to a distance of 44.38m in his sixth which was the last attempt to clinch the silver medal.

Web version of e-GOPALA application was launched on August 28, 2021.

Key Points

About e-GOPALA App

The e-Gopala App is a comprehensive breed improvement marketplace and information portal, directly used by farmers.

Significance of e-GOPALA platform

e-GOPALA platform will help farmers to manage their livestock including buying and selling of disease-free germplasm like semen, embryos, etc. It will also inform regarding the availability of quality breeding services as well as guide farmers on animal nutrition & treatment of animals with the help of appropriate Ayurvedic ethno veterinary medicine. It also comprises of mechanism to send alert regarding due date for vaccination, pregnancy diagnosis & calving and provide information to farmers about government schemes. Portal will facilitate real time checking of coverage and progress of several projects and government schemes.

Digital India Mission

Digital India Mission was launched in 2015. The mission has been enabled for several Government schemes like Make in India, BharatNet, Startup India and Standup India etc. It was launched with the objective of preparing India for a knowledge future and making technology central to enable change. It works in the areas of:

  1. Providing Digital infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen.
  2. Providing Governance and services on demand.
  3. Digital empowerment of every citizen.

Indian Railways has floated a tender for 58 Vande Bharat train sets, following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s August 15 announcement.

Highlights

  1. Delhi to Katra and
  2. Delhi to Varanasi.

About Vande Bharat Express

This Indian semi-high-speed, intercity, EMU train, also known as Train 18, was designed and manufactured by Integral Coach Factory (ICF) at Perambur, Chennai. It was manufacture under the Make in India initiative, in 18 months. The unit cost of the first rake was about RS 1 billion. As this price, it is estimated to be 40% cheaper as compared to a similar train imported from Europe. Train 18 was launched on February 15, 2019.  It was named ‘Vande Bharat Express’ on January 27, 2019.

Features of Train 18

The train is capable of running at a maximum speed of 200 km/h. However, the tracks on which it operates are not capable of supporting such high speeds. As a result, train is operated at a maximum speed of 130 km/h. It was tested at a speed of 180 km/h. This makes it the fastest train to run in India.