Daily Current Affairs - 10-08-2021

Central Government introduced the 127th Constitution (amendment) bill, 2021 in Lok Sabha on August 9, 2021. The bill seeks to restore state’s power to make their own OBC lists.

Highlights

Constitutional provisions

Articles 15 (4), 15 (5), and 16 (4) of the Indian constitution confer power on the State Government to declare and identify a list of socially and educationally backward classes. Central and state governments draw separate OBC lists as a practice.

Background of the 127th Bill

The need for latest amendment aroused after the Supreme Court in its Maratha reservation ruling of May 2021 upheld the 102nd Constitutional Amendment Act. SC also stated that, the President will determine which communities will be included on state OBC list, on the recommendations of the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).

About 127th Constitution Amendment Bill

According to Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, India’s first Internet Governance Forum (IIGF) will be held for three days starting from October 20, 2021.

Highlights

About IIGF?

IIGF, stands for India Internet Governance Forum, is an Internet Governance policy discussion platform. IIGF is an Indian version of Internet Governance Forum under the United Nations. It is organised with the aim of taking into account the aspirations of Indians at their International policy formation and stakeholder discussion. It also seeks to ensure the growth of broadband that adheres to lifestyle and requirements of Indian community. Indian version of IGF also adopt multi-stakeholder concept to organize this event.

Coordination committee

Coordination committee of the IIGF composed of representation from Government, industrial association, civil society, industry, trust, and other stakeholders.

About IGF

IGF stands for Internet Governance Forum. It is a United Nations forum incorporating multi-stakeholder policy dialogue on issues related to Internet Governance. Announcement for establishment of IGF was made in July 2006 by United Nations Secretary General. After that, the first meeting was held in October-November 2006 at Athens in Greece. Since then, annual meetings are held.

India allowed foreign nationals residing here to receive covid-19 vaccine by registering on the Co-Win portal on August 9, 2021.

Highlights

National Covid-19 Vaccination Programme

National covid-19 vaccination programme is being implemented in India since January 16, 2021. It was launched in four phases. Under the current phase, it covers all citizens aged 18 years and above. Till date, India has administered more than 51 crore vaccine doses.

What is CoWIN?

CoWIN stands for Covid Vaccine Intelligence Work. It is a web portal of Indian government to register for COVID-19 vaccination. The portal displays slots of COVID-19 vaccine in nearby areas. It is a secure and trustworthy proof that has helped people to establish when, where and by whom they were vaccinated. It is a cloud-based IT solution to plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate Covid-19 vaccination in India. It also allows system to monitor utilisation, wastage and coverage of Covid-19 vaccination at national, state, district as well as sub-district level. It tracks the vaccination drive in India on a real time basis and provides vaccination certificates in digital format. It is an extension of eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network).

Uttar Pradesh government has renamed a landmark freedom movement called “Kakori Train Conspiracy” as “Kakori Train Action” and paid tributes to the revolutionaries who were hanged for robbing a train at Kakori in Uttar Pradesh.

Key Points

Kakori Train Action

It was a train robbery that took place on August 9, 1925 in a village called Kakori near Lucknow during Indian Independence Movement against British Raj. Robbery was organised by Hindustan Republican Association (HRA). It was conceived by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan. HRA was established to carry out revolutionary activities against British Empire with the objective of achieving independence.

Why robbery took place?

Revolutionaries like Bismil and his party needed money to purchase weapons for HRA. So, they decided to plunder a train on a Northern Railway line. Plan for robbery was executed by Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri, Keshab Chakravarty, Mukundi Lal, Banwari Lal etc.

Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA)

HSRA was a revolutionary organisation which was founded by Ram Prasad Bismil, Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Sachindra Nath Bakshi and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee. Earlier it was known as Hindustan Republican Association (HRA).

Hyundai Motor India Ltd. (HMIL) announced its debut first N Line of cars for India in 2021. Subsequently, more additional model will be launched over next few years.

Highlights

What is N-Line?

Majority of automakers across the world have their respective sub-brands which focus on tuning regular models for better and higher performance. These sub-brands are used in high-performance cars only. For instance, BMW has M Performance division, Mercedes-Benz has AMG etc. Such sub-brands are not limited to luxury cars only. Hyundai launched its N-Line and N badged cars.

Difference between N and N-Line

N badged Hyundai cars are pure track-focused and hyper tuned performance cars. It was debuted in December 2013. N signifies Namyang R&D Centre in South Korea. N-Line models are also developed by Hyundai N division. But they are road legal. N-line models come with cosmetic upgrades over mainstream models.

Hyundai Motor Company

It is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacture with headquarter in Seoul. It was founded in 1967. It owns 33.88 percent of Kia Corporation. Company operates world’s largest integrated automobile manufacturing facility in Ulsan.

World Lion Day is celebrated on August 10 every year in a bid to raise awareness on lions. The day also seeks to mobilise support for protection and conservation of Lion.

Highlights

Background of World Lion Day

Initiative to protect lion started in 2013 so the first World Lion Day was observed in 2013 itself. Since then, the day has become a symbol of fight towards protection of lion. Last remaining population of the Asiatic Lions are found in Gir National Park of Gujarat.

About Asiatic Lions

Asiatic lion is scientifically called as Panthera leo persica. They are approximately 110 cm in height. They have been listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 and are considered as Endangered species on IUCN Red List. Weight of Adult males is in between 160 to 190 kg and that of female is in between 110 to 120 kg.

Threat to lions

Asiatic lions face significant threats of poaching and threat of genetic inbreeding. WWF has also recorded instances of deaths of lions as a result of falling into unguarded wells around Gir.

Population of Asiatic Lions

In 2020, population of Asiatic lions has surged by almost 29% in Gujarat’s Gir forests. The distribution area of lions has also increased by 36%.

Union Minister of Culture, Tourism, and Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) inaugurated an exhibition on August 8, 2021 to mark 79th anniversary of the ‘Quit India Movement’ at National Archives of India in New Delhi.

Highlights

Exhibition on the Movement has been put up at National Archives of India as a part of ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ initiative.

About Quit India Movement

Quit India Movement is also called as the August Movement. This movement was launched on August 8, 1942 at the Bombay session of All India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi. It was launched during World War II and demanded an end to British rule in India.

Background

On August 9, 1942, Mahatma Gandhi made a call to Do or Die in the Quit India speech which was delivered on August 8. This call was made after Cripps Mission failed to secure support of Indians for British war effort. Following the call, All India Congress Committee launched a mass protest and demanded “An Orderly British Withdrawal” from India. Even though British were at war, they were prepared to act. They imprisoned entire leadership of the Indian National Congress without trial after Gandhi’s speech. Most of the leaders spent rest of the war in prison.

Who were supporting British?

British were having the support of Viceroy’s Council, All India Muslim League, Hindu Mahasabha, Indian Imperial Police, princely states, British Indian Army, and Indian Civil Service. So, they did not support the Quit India movement. Apart from them, the movement was not supported by Indian businessmen profiting from heavy wartime spending. Students paid more attention to Subhas Chandra Bose, who was supporting the Axis Powers.

Outcome of the mass movement

Quit India campaign was effectively crushed by British. They also refused to grant immediate independence and said, it can only be granted after the war had ended.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the industry on August 11, 2021 on the topic of government and businesses working together for a self-reliant India.

Key Points

Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)

CII is a not-for-profit, non-government, industry-led and industry-managed organisation comprising of 9000 members from private and public sectors, SME and MNCs. It also comprises of 300000 indirect memberships of enterprises from 294 national & regional sectoral industry bodies. It is working for more than 125 years to create and sustain an environment conducive towards development in India.

Functions of CII

CII charts change by working in association with the Government on policy issues. It also interfaces with thought leaders, and works towards enhancing efficiency, competitiveness and business opportunities for industry by means of specialized services and strategic global linkages.

On August 9, 2021, Afghan forces attacked on provincial capital of northern province of Samangan called Aybak city to repel Taliban militants.

Highlights

Pakistan’s view

Pakistan is soon going to host a regional conference on Afghanistan under the diplomatic push in order to prevent a civil war in war-torn country.

UN on attack

UN children’s agency highlighted that, some 27 children have been killed and 136 injured across three provinces of Afghanistan in past three days.

Germany’s view

Defence Minister of Germany rejected calls for its soldiers to return to Afghanistan after Taliban took over Kunduz city.

Taliban insurgency

Taliban insurgency started in Afghanistan after group’s fall from power during the 2001 War in Afghanistan. Taliban forces are fighting against Afghan government and US-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). Insurgency has also spread over the Afghanistan-Pakistan border and neighboring Pakistan, particularly Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Taliban continuously conduct warfare against Afghan National Security Forces and NATO allies besides the civilian targets. Countries like Pakistan, Iran, China and Russia are accused of funding and supporting them.

US-Taliban Agreement

United States and Taliban reached to an agreement on February 29, 2020 in in Doha, Qatar. Agreement called for withdrawal of 13,000 U.S. and allied troops in next 14 months on a condition that, Taliban continues with the peace process. However, as United States forces and allies started to withdraw from Afghanistan, Taliban started to intensify their insurgency. Till now, Taliban have gained control over 85% of cities in Afghanistan.

Delhi High Court asked the Delhi government to reply on plea filed by BJP MP Parvesh Sahib Singh Verma that challenged the provision home delivery of liquor in new excise policy of 2021.

Highlights

About the petition

In the petition, Rule 66(6) of the Delhi Excise (Amendment) Rules of, 2021, has been challenged. As per petition, rule 66(6) suffered from several constitutional illegalities and is not sustainable under law. Petition highlights that, new policy undermines ban on consumption of liquor at public places by making it possible to deliver alcohol to public places. Rules enable the possibility of delivery of alcohol at hospitals and schools. It does not provide provisions for the safety of those delivering the liquor. Further, home delivery of liquor is against Article 47 of the Constitution. According to article 47, it is the duty of state to improve public health.

Delhi Government view

Delhi government defended its New Excise Policy 2021 in court citing that this would generate optimum revenue and ensure ease of doing business. It will also eliminate cartelization, proxy players and monopoly. According to government, privatisation of government liquor vends and equitable redistribution of liquor vends “would lead to increase in free competition and overwhelm existing cartels across market”.

Is it subject of judicial interference?

On the question that, citizens of India have no fundamental right to trade in liquor, Delhi government highlighted, Excise Policy 2021-22 has been formulated in larger public interest. As it is an economic policy, it does not warrant judicial interference.

China made its newly constructed terminal operational at Lhasa airport in Tibet.

Key Facts

Handling Capacity of airport

With the opening of new terminal, Lhasa airport is expected to meet an annual handling capacity of nine million passengers. It would also handle about 80,000 metric tonnes of cargo. In all, handling at Lhasa airport accounts for 75 per cent of the passenger flow of all airports in Tibet.

Airports in Tibet

Tibet has five airports- at Nyingchi, Shigatse and Ngari. All these airports are located close to Indian and Nepal borders.

About Lhasa

Lhasa is the urban center of prefecture-level Lhasa City. It is the administrative capital of Tibet. Inner urban area of Lhasa City is equivalent to administrative borders of Chengguan District, which is part of prefectural Lhasa City. Lhasa is called as the second most populous urban area on Tibetan Plateau after Xining. It is located at an altitude of 3,656 metres. Lhasa is the highest cities across the world. Lhasa has been the religious and administrative capital of Tibet since mid-17th century. It has several culturally significant Tibetan Buddhist sites like Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka Palaces.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently published its sixth assessment report (AR6) titled “Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis”. IPCC in its report confirmed that, Indian Ocean was warming at a rate higher than other oceans.

Key Findings

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

IPCC is an intergovernmental body of United Nations (UN). It provides objective scientific information in order to understand human-induced climate change, its natural, political & economic impacts and possible response options. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established IPCC in 1988. It was endorsed by United Nations General Assembly later.

Who can be member of IPCC?

Membership to IPCC is open for all the members of the WMO and UN.

Function of IPCC

IPCC does not carry out original research. It does not monitor climate or related phenomena itself. However, it conducts a systematic review of published literature and then produces a comprehensive assessment report.

According to Union Health Minister, Mansukh Mandaviya, a staggering 65 percent of the tuberculosis cases are in 15-45 age group in India. This age group is considered as most economically productive population segment.

Highlights

Fight against TB amidst Covid-19

Covid-19 pandemic has reversed the years of progress made towards fighting against tuberculosis in just two years. Pandemic made its fall in March 2020 and resulted into lockdowns and restrictions on movement which in turn disrupted the available health system resources, infrastructure, diagnostics, treatment centres and manpower engaged in TB elimination efforts and services across the country.

India TB Report 2021

This report was published in March 2021. As per report, India reported a 24% year-on-year decrease in registration of tuberculosis cases in 2020. Between January and February 2020, registrations of TB surged by 6% on year. National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme later closed gap on missing TB cases. As a result, by December 11% more cases were reported against cases in April.

Tuberculosis Cases in India

Tuberculosis is most critical health challenges of India. It has devastating health, social and financial consequences on patients and communities on a large scale. India amounts to largest caseload (2.64 million tuberculosis patients), globally. India aims to eliminate TB cases by 2025, five years ahead of global target of 2030.